Crystal structure of project ID PH1539 from Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 1.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.215 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.193 

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Structure of peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase 2 from Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3: insight into the functional role of its dimeric state.

Shimizu, K.Kuroishi, C.Sugahara, M.Kunishima, N.

(2008) Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 64: 444-453

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0907444908002850
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1WN2, 2D3K

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Peptidyl-tRNA hydrolases catalyze the hydrolytic removal of the peptidyl moiety from the peptidyl-tRNA molecule to prevent misreading during translation. Here, the expression, purification, crystallization and X-ray diffraction study of peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase 2 from Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3 (PhPth2) are described. The crystal structures were determined as similar biological dimers in two different forms: P4(1)2(1)2 at 1.2 A resolution (form 1) and P4(3)22 at 1.9 A resolution (form 2). In the form 1 structure, the asymmetric unit contains one PhPth2 subunit and a crystallographic twofold axis defines the dimeric association with the cognate subunit. In the form 2 structure, there are two PhPth2 subunits in the asymmetric unit that make a similar dimer with a noncrystallographic twofold axis. In order to evaluate the thermodynamic stability, the intra-protomer and inter-protomer interactions of PhPth2 were analyzed and compared with those of other Pth2-family members. The thermodynamic parameters show that the large number of ion pairs compared with family members from other mesophilic organisms would contribute to the thermostability of PhPth2. The structural difference between the two dimers was quantitatively evaluated by a multiple C(alpha)-atom superposition. A significant structural difference between the two dimers was observed around the putative active site of this enzyme. A rigid-body rotation takes place so as to retain the dimeric twofold symmetry, suggesting positive cooperativity upon tRNA binding. The mechanism of ligand binding was further investigated using a docking model with a tRNA molecule. The docking study suggests that the binding of tRNA requires its simultaneous interaction with both subunits of the PhPth2 dimer.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Advanced Protein Crystallography Research Group, RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Harima Institute, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148, Japan.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase121Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3Mutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for O74017 (Pyrococcus horikoshii (strain ATCC 700860 / DSM 12428 / JCM 9974 / NBRC 100139 / OT-3))
Explore O74017 
Go to UniProtKB:  O74017
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupO74017
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChains Name / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
Query on NA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 1.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.215 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.193 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 49.67α = 90
b = 49.67β = 90
c = 85.791γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2005-07-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Source and taxonomy, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2023-10-25
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Refinement description