Crystallographic and Thermodynamic Analysis of the Binding of S-Octylglutathione to the Tyr 7 to Phe Mutant of Glutathione S-Transferase from Schistosoma japonicum(,)Andujar-Sanchez, M., Smith, A.W., Clemente-Jimenez, J.M., Rodriguez-Vico, F., Las Heras-Vazquez, F.J., Jara-Perez, V., Camara-Artigas, A.
(2005) Biochemistry 44: 1174-1183
- PubMed: 15667211
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/bi0483110
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Glutathione S-transferases are a family of multifunctional enzymes involved in the metabolism of drugs and xenobiotics. Two tyrosine residues, Tyr 7 and Tyr 111, in the active site of the enzyme play an important role in the binding and catalysis of substrate ligands. The crystal structures of Schistosoma japonicum glutathione S-transferase tyrosine 7 to phenylalanine mutant [SjGST(Y7F)] in complex with the substrate glutathione (GSH) and the competitive inhibitor S-octylglutathione (S-octyl-GSH) have been obtained. These new structural data combined with fluorescence spectroscopy and thermodynamic data, obtained by means of isothermal titration calorimetry, allow for detailed characterization of the ligand-binding process. The binding of S-octyl-GSH to SjGST(Y7F) is enthalpically and entropically driven at temperatures below 30 degrees C. The stoichiometry of the binding is one molecule of S-octyl-GSH per mutant dimer, whereas shorter alkyl derivatives bind with a stoichiometry of two molecules per mutant dimer. The SjGST(Y7F).GSH structure showed no major structural differences compared to the wild-type enzyme. In contrast, the structure of SjGST(Y7F).S-octyl-GSH showed asymmetric binding of S-octyl-GSH. This lack of symmetry is reflected in the lower symmetry space group of the SjGST(Y7F).S-octyl-GSH crystals (P6(3)) compared to that of the SjGST(Y7F).GSH crystals (P6(3)22). Moreover, the binding of S-octyl-GSH to the A subunit is accompanied by conformational changes that may be responsible for the lack of binding to the B subunit.
Departamento Química Física, Bioquímica y Química Inorgánica, Universidad de Almería, España.