1U19

Crystal Structure of Bovine Rhodopsin at 2.2 Angstroms Resolution


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report



Literature

The retinal conformation and its environment in rhodopsin in light of a new 2.2 A crystal structure

Okada, T.Sugihara, M.Bondar, A.N.Elstner, M.Entel, P.Buss, V.

(2004) J Mol Biol 342: 571-583

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2004.07.044
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A new high-resolution structure is reported for bovine rhodopsin, the visual pigment in rod photoreceptor cells. Substantial improvement of the resolution limit to 2.2 A has been achieved by new crystallization conditions, which also reduce significa ...

    A new high-resolution structure is reported for bovine rhodopsin, the visual pigment in rod photoreceptor cells. Substantial improvement of the resolution limit to 2.2 A has been achieved by new crystallization conditions, which also reduce significantly the probability of merohedral twinning in the crystals. The new structure completely resolves the polypeptide chain and provides further details of the chromophore binding site including the configuration about the C6-C7 single bond of the 11-cis-retinal Schiff base. Based on both an earlier structure and the new improved model of the protein, a theoretical study of the chromophore geometry has been carried out using combined quantum mechanics/force field molecular dynamics. The consistency between the experimental and calculated chromophore structures is found to be significantly improved for the 2.2 A model, including the angle of the negatively twisted 6-s-cis-bond. Importantly, the new crystal structure refinement reveals significant negative pre-twist of the C11-C12 double bond and this is also supported by the theoretical calculation although the latter converges to a smaller value. Bond alternation along the unsaturated chain is significant, but weaker in the calculated structure than the one obtained from the X-ray data. Other differences between the experimental and theoretical structures in the chromophore binding site are discussed with respect to the unique spectral properties and excited state reactivity of the chromophore.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Biological Information Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 2-41-6 Aomi, Koto-ku, Tokyo 135-0064, Japan. t-okada@aist.go.jp



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
RhodopsinA, B349Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RHO
Find proteins for P02699 (Bos taurus)
Explore P02699 
Go to UniProtKB:  P02699
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C
3 N-Glycosylation
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
D, F
2 N-Glycosylation
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
E
4 N-Glycosylation
Small Molecules
Ligands 6 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
HTG
Query on HTG

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A, B
heptyl 1-thio-beta-D-glucopyranoside
C13 H26 O5 S
HPEGNLMTTNTJSP-LBELIVKGSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
RET
Query on RET

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A, B
RETINAL
C20 H28 O
NCYCYZXNIZJOKI-OVSJKPMPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PLM
Query on PLM

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A, B
PALMITIC ACID
C16 H32 O2
IPCSVZSSVZVIGE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
HG
Query on HG

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A, B
MERCURY (II) ION
Hg
BQPIGGFYSBELGY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
HTO
Query on HTO

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B
HEPTANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C7 H16 O3
HXYCHJFUBNTKQR-RNFRBKRXSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

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A, B
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • Space Group: P 41
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 96.68α = 90
b = 96.68β = 90
c = 150.2γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-10-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2015-03-25
    Changes: Derived calculations
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary