Crystal Structure of Human Microsomal P450 3A4

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 2.05 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.293 
  • R-Value Work: 0.238 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.241 

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The Structure of Human Microsomal Cytochrome P450 3A4 Determined by X-ray Crystallography to 2.05-A Resolution

Yano, J.K.Wester, M.R.Schoch, G.A.Griffin, K.J.Stout, C.D.Johnson, E.F.

(2004) J Biol Chem 279: 38091-38094

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.C400293200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    The structure of P450 3A4 was determined by x-ray crystallography to 2.05-A resolution. P450 3A4 catalyzes the metabolic clearance of a large number of clinically used drugs, and a number of adverse drug-drug interactions reflect the inhibition or induction of the enzyme. P450 3A4 exhibits a relatively large substrate-binding cavity that is consistent with its capacity to oxidize bulky substrates such as cyclosporin, statins, taxanes, and macrolide antibiotics. Family 3A P450s also exhibit unusual kinetic characteristics that suggest simultaneous occupancy by smaller substrates. Although the active site volume is similar to that of P450 2C8 (PDB code: 1PQ2), the shape of the active site cavity differs considerably due to differences in the folding and packing of portions of the protein that form the cavity. Compared with P450 2C8, the active site cavity of 3A4 is much larger near the heme iron. The lower constraints on the motions of small substrates near the site of oxygen activation may diminish the efficiency of substrate oxidation, which may, in turn, be improved by space restrictions imposed by the presence of a second substrate molecule. The structure of P450 3A4 should facilitate a better understanding of the substrate selectivity of the enzyme.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular and Experimental Medicine and Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, USA.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
cytochrome P450 3A4486Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CYP3A4
Membrane Entity: Yes 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P08684 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P08684 
Go to UniProtKB:  P08684
PHAROS:  P08684
GTEx:  ENSG00000160868 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP08684
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChains Name / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
Query on HEM

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 2.05 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.293 
  • R-Value Work: 0.238 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.241 
  • Space Group: I 2 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 77.153α = 90
b = 99.615β = 90
c = 132.684γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
CCP4data scaling

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 

Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2004-07-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2007-10-16
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2024-02-14
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations