Crystal Structure of T161D Duck Delta 2 Crystallin Mutant with bound argininosuccinate

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.225 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.190 

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Structural studies of duck delta2 crystallin mutants provide insight into the role of Thr161 and the 280s loop in catalysis

Sampaleanu, L.M.Codding, P.W.Lobsanov, Y.D.Tsai, M.Smith, G.D.Horvatin, C.Howell, P.L.

(2004) Biochem J 384: 437-447

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1042/BJ20040656
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1TJU, 1TJV, 1TJW

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Delta crystallin, a taxon-specific crystallin present in avian eye lenses, is homologous to the urea cycle enzyme ASL (argininosuccinate lyase). Although there are two delta crystallin isoforms in duck lenses, ddeltac1 (duck delta1 crystallin) and ddeltac2 (duck delta2 crystallin), only ddeltac2 is catalytically active. Previous structural studies have suggested that residues Ser283 and His162 in the multi-subunit active site of ddeltac2/ASL are the putative catalytic acid/base, while the highly conserved, positively charged Lys289 is thought to help stabilize the carbanion intermediate. The strict conservation of a small hydroxy-containing residue (Thr or Ser) at position 161 adjacent to the putative catalytic base, as well as its proximity to the substrate in the S283A ddeltac2 enzyme-substrate complex, prompted us to investigate further the role this residue. Structures of the active T161S and inactive T161D ddeltac2 mutants, as well as T161D complexed with argininosuccinate, have been determined to 2.0 A resolution. The structures suggest that a hydroxy group is required at position 161 to help correctly position the side chain of Lys289 and the fumarate moiety of the substrate. Threonine is probably favoured over serine, because the interaction of its methyl group with Leu206 would restrict its conformational flexibility. Residues larger than Thr or Ser interfere with substrate binding, supporting previous suggestions that correct positioning of the substrate's fumarate moiety is essential for catalysis to occur. The presence of the 280s loop (i.e. a loop formed by residues 270-290) in the 'open' conformation suggests that loop closure, thought to be essential for sequestration of the substrate, may be triggered by the formation of the carbanion or aci-carboxylate intermediates, whose charge distribution more closely mimics that of the sulphate ion found in the active-site region of the inactive ddeltac1. The 280s loop in ddeltac1 is in the closed conformation.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Structural Biology and Biochemistry, Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1X8.

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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Delta crystallin II
A, B, C, D
474Anas platyrhynchosMutation(s): 1 
Find proteins for P24058 (Anas platyrhynchos)
Explore P24058 
Go to UniProtKB:  P24058
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP24058
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.225 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.190 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 93.996α = 90
b = 98.806β = 101.34
c = 106.387γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2004-09-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2021-10-27
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations
  • Version 1.4: 2023-08-23
    Changes: Data collection, Refinement description