1SY7

Crystal structure of the catalase-1 from Neurospora crassa, native structure at 1.75A resolution.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.206 
  • R-Value Work: 0.183 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Unusual Cys-Tyr covalent bond in a large catalase

Diaz, A.Horjales, E.Rudino-Pinera, E.Arreola, R.Hansberg, W.

(2004) J.Mol.Biol. 342: 971-985

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2004.07.027

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Catalase-1, one of four catalase activities of Neurospora crassa, is associated with non-growing cells and accumulates in asexual spores. It is a large, tetrameric, highly efficient, and durable enzyme that is active even at molar concentrations of h ...

    Catalase-1, one of four catalase activities of Neurospora crassa, is associated with non-growing cells and accumulates in asexual spores. It is a large, tetrameric, highly efficient, and durable enzyme that is active even at molar concentrations of hydrogen peroxide. Catalase-1 is oxidized at the heme by singlet oxygen without significant effects on enzyme activity. Here we present the crystal structure of catalase-1 at 1.75A resolution. Compared to structures of other catalases of the large class, the main differences were found at the carboxy-terminal domain. The heme group is rotated 180 degrees around the alpha-gamma-meso carbon axis with respect to clade 3 small catalases. There is no co-ordination bond of the ferric ion at the heme distal side in catalase-1. The catalase-1 structure exhibited partial oxidation of heme b to heme d. Singlet oxygen, produced catalytically or by photosensitization, may hydroxylate C5 and C6 of pyrrole ring III with a subsequent formation of a gamma-spirolactone in C6. The modification site in catalases depends on the way dioxygen exits the protein: mainly through the central channel or the main channel in large and small catalases, respectively. The catalase-1 structure revealed an unusual covalent bond between a cysteine sulphur atom and the essential tyrosine residue of the proximal side of the active site. A peptide with the predicted theoretical mass of the two bound tryptic peptides was detected by mass spectrometry. A mechanism for the Cys-Tyr covalent bond formation is proposed. The tyrosine bound to the cysteine residue would be less prone to donate electrons to compound I to form compound II, explaining catalase-1 resistance to substrate inhibition and inactivation. An apparent constriction of the main channel at Ser198 lead us to propose a gate that opens the narrow part of the channel when there is sufficient hydrogen peroxide in the small cavity before the gate. This mechanism would explain the increase in catalytic velocity as the hydrogen peroxide concentration rises.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Instituto de Fisiología Celular Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Circuito exterior s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, México, D.F., CP 04510, México.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Catalase 1
A, B
715Neurospora crassa (strain ATCC 24698 / 74-OR23-1A / CBS 708.71 / DSM 1257 / FGSC 987)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: cat-1
EC: 1.11.1.6
Find proteins for Q9C168 (Neurospora crassa (strain ATCC 24698 / 74-OR23-1A / CBS 708.71 / DSM 1257 / FGSC 987))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9C168
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
HDD
Query on HDD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
CIS-HEME D HYDROXYCHLORIN GAMMA-SPIROLACTONE
HEME
C34 H32 Fe N4 O5
UMGOPAWIGKFTRK-QQDQPIDJSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
HEM
Query on HEM

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
HEME
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.206 
  • R-Value Work: 0.183 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 130.007α = 90.00
b = 182.242β = 133.41
c = 90.364γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
MAR345data collection
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-10-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-11
    Type: Refinement description