1SMJ

Structure of the A264E mutant of cytochrome P450 BM3 complexed with palmitoleate


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.338 
  • R-Value Work: 0.253 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

A Single Mutation in Cytochrome P450 BM3 Induces the Conformational Rearrangement Seen upon Substrate Binding in the Wild-type Enzyme

Joyce, M.G.Girvan, H.M.Munro, A.W.Leys, D.

(2004) J.Biol.Chem. 279: 23287-23293

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M401717200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The multidomain fatty-acid hydroxylase flavocytochrome P450 BM3 has been studied as a paradigm model for eukaryotic microsomal P450 enzymes because of its homology to eukaryotic family 4 P450 enzymes and its use of a eukaryotic-like diflavin reductas ...

    The multidomain fatty-acid hydroxylase flavocytochrome P450 BM3 has been studied as a paradigm model for eukaryotic microsomal P450 enzymes because of its homology to eukaryotic family 4 P450 enzymes and its use of a eukaryotic-like diflavin reductase redox partner. High-resolution crystal structures have led to the proposal that substrate-induced conformational changes lead to removal of water as the sixth ligand to the heme iron. Concomitant changes in the heme iron spin state and heme iron reduction potential help to trigger electron transfer from the reductase and to initiate catalysis. Surprisingly, the crystal structure of the substrate-free A264E heme domain mutant reveals the enzyme to be in the conformation observed for substrate-bound wild-type P450, but with the iron in the low-spin state. This provides strong evidence that the spin-state shift observed upon substrate binding in wild-type P450 BM3 not only is caused indirectly by structural changes in the protein, but is a direct consequence of the presence of the substrate itself, similar to what has been observed for P450cam. The crystal structure of the palmitoleate-bound A264E mutant reveals that substrate binding promotes heme ligation by Glu(264), with little other difference from the palmitoleate-bound wild-type structure observable. Despite having a protein-derived sixth heme ligand in the substrate-bound form, the A264E mutant is catalytically active, providing further indication for structural rearrangement of the active site upon reduction of the heme iron, including displacement of the glutamate ligand to allow binding of dioxygen.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, United Kingdom.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Bifunctional P-450:NADPH-P450 reductase
A, B, C, D
471Bacillus megaterium (strain ATCC 14581 / DSM 32 / JCM 2506 / NBRC 15308 / NCIMB 9376 / NCTC 10342 / VKM B-512)Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: cyp102A1 (cyp102)
Find proteins for P14779 (Bacillus megaterium (strain ATCC 14581 / DSM 32 / JCM 2506 / NBRC 15308 / NCIMB 9376 / NCTC 10342 / VKM B-512))
Go to UniProtKB:  P14779
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
HEM
Query on HEM

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
HEME
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
PAM
Query on PAM

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
PALMITOLEIC ACID
C16 H30 O2
SECPZKHBENQXJG-FPLPWBNLSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.338 
  • R-Value Work: 0.253 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 107.312α = 90.00
b = 166.886β = 90.00
c = 224.937γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-06-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2007-10-16
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance