1SF2

Structure of E. coli gamma-aminobutyrate aminotransferase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.211 
  • R-Value Work: 0.165 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structures of unbound and aminooxyacetate-bound Escherichia coli gamma-aminobutyrate aminotransferase.

Liu, W.Peterson, P.E.Carter, R.J.Zhou, X.Langston, J.A.Fisher, A.J.Toney, M.D.

(2004) Biochemistry 43: 10896-10905

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi049218e
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1SFF

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The X-ray crystal structures of Escherichia coli gamma-aminobutyrate aminotransferase unbound and bound to the inhibitor aminooxyacetate are reported. The enzyme crystallizes from ammonium sulfate solutions in the P3(2)21 space group with a tetramer ...

    The X-ray crystal structures of Escherichia coli gamma-aminobutyrate aminotransferase unbound and bound to the inhibitor aminooxyacetate are reported. The enzyme crystallizes from ammonium sulfate solutions in the P3(2)21 space group with a tetramer in the asymmetric unit. Diffraction data were collected to 2.4 A resolution for the unliganded enzyme and 1.9 A resolution for the aminooxyacetate complex. The overall structure of the enzyme is similar to those of other aminotransferase subgroup II enzymes. The ability of gamma-aminobutyrate aminotransferase to act on primary amine substrates (gamma-aminobutyrate) in the first half-reaction and alpha-amino acids in the second is proposed to be enabled by the presence of Glu211, whose side chain carboxylate alternates between interactions with Arg398 in the primary amine half-reaction and an alternative binding site in the alpha-amino acid half-reaction, in which Arg398 binds the substrate alpha-carboxylate. The specificity for a carboxylate group on the substrate side chain is due primarily to the presence of Arg141, but also requires substantial local main chain rearrangements relative to the structurally homologous enzyme dialkylglycine decarboxylase, which is specific for small alkyl side chains. No iron-sulfur cluster is found in the bacterial enzyme as was found in the pig enzyme [Storici, P., De Biase, D., Bossa, F., Bruno, S., Mozzarelli, A., Peneff, C., Silverman, R. B., and Schirmer, T. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279, 363-73.]. The binding of aminooxyacetate causes remarkably small changes in the active site structure, and no large domain movements are observed. Active site structure comparisons with pig gamma-aminobutyrate aminotransferase and dialkylglycine decarboxylase are discussed.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
4-aminobutyrate aminotransferase
A, B, C, D
426Escherichia coli (strain K12)Gene Names: gabT
EC: 2.6.1.22, 2.6.1.19
Find proteins for P22256 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Go to UniProtKB:  P22256
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
ETHYLENE GLYCOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PLP
Query on PLP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
PYRIDOXAL-5'-PHOSPHATE
VITAMIN B6 Phosphate
C8 H10 N O6 P
NGVDGCNFYWLIFO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.211 
  • R-Value Work: 0.165 
  • Space Group: P 32 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 108.090α = 90.00
b = 108.090β = 90.00
c = 301.250γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALAdata scaling
CCP4data scaling
CNSphasing
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-09-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-11
    Type: Refinement description
  • Version 1.4: 2018-01-31
    Type: Experimental preparation