1S2J

Crystal structure of the Drosophila pattern-recognition receptor PGRP-SA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.242 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.196 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

A Drosophila pattern recognition receptor contains a peptidoglycan docking groove and unusual l,d-carboxypeptidase activity.

Chang, C.-I.Pili-Floury, S.Herve, M.Parquet, C.Chelliah, Y.Lemaitre, B.Mengin-Lecreulx, D.Deisenhofer, J.

(2004) PLoS Biol 2: 1293-1302

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0020277
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1S2J

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The Drosophila peptidoglycan recognition protein SA (PGRP-SA) is critically involved in sensing bacterial infection and activating the Toll signaling pathway, which induces the expression of specific antimicrobial peptide genes. We have determined the crystal structure of PGRP-SA to 2 ...

    The Drosophila peptidoglycan recognition protein SA (PGRP-SA) is critically involved in sensing bacterial infection and activating the Toll signaling pathway, which induces the expression of specific antimicrobial peptide genes. We have determined the crystal structure of PGRP-SA to 2.2-A resolution and analyzed its peptidoglycan (PG) recognition and signaling activities. We found an extended surface groove in the structure of PGRP-SA, lined with residues that are highly diverse among different PGRPs. Mutational analysis identified it as a PG docking groove required for Toll signaling and showed that residue Ser158 is essential for both PG binding and Toll activation. Contrary to the general belief that PGRP-SA has lost enzyme function and serves primarily for PG sensing, we found that it possesses an intrinsic L,D-carboxypeptidase activity for diaminopimelic acid-type tetrapeptide PG fragments but not lysine-type PG fragments, and that Ser158 and His42 may participate in the hydrolytic activity. As L,D-configured peptide bonds exist only in prokaryotes, this work reveals a rare enzymatic activity in a eukaryotic protein known for sensing bacteria and provides a possible explanation of how PGRP-SA mediates Toll activation specifically in response to lysine-type PG.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Peptidoglycan recognition protein SA CG11709-PAA, B209Drosophila melanogasterMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PGRP-SAsemlCG11709
EC: 3.4.17.13
UniProt
Find proteins for Q9VYX7 (Drosophila melanogaster)
Explore Q9VYX7 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9VYX7
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ9VYX7
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A],
D [auth A],
E [auth A],
F [auth A],
G [auth B],
C [auth A],
D [auth A],
E [auth A],
F [auth A],
G [auth B],
H [auth B]
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.242 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.196 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 58.733α = 90
b = 49.431β = 101.03
c = 69.83γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2004-09-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance