1S2A

Crystal structures of prostaglandin D2 11-ketoreductase in complex with the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs flufenamic acid and indomethacin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.198 
  • R-Value Work: 0.172 

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This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structures of prostaglandin D(2) 11-ketoreductase (AKR1C3) in complex with the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs flufenamic acid and indomethacin.

Lovering, A.L.Ride, J.P.Bunce, C.M.Desmond, J.C.Cummings, S.M.White, S.A.

(2004) Cancer Res. 64: 1802-1810

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • It is becoming increasingly well established that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) protect against tumors of the gastrointestinal tract and that they may also protect against a variety of other tumors. These activities have been widely at ...

    It is becoming increasingly well established that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) protect against tumors of the gastrointestinal tract and that they may also protect against a variety of other tumors. These activities have been widely attributed to the inhibition of cylooxygenases (COX) and, in particular, COX-2. However, several observations have indicated that other targets may be involved. Besides targeting COX, certain NSAID also inhibit enzymes belonging to the aldo-keto reductase (AKR) family, including AKR1C3. We have demonstrated previously that overexpression of AKR1C3 acts to suppress cell differentiation and promote proliferation in myeloid cells. However, this enzyme has a broad tissue distribution and therefore represents a novel candidate for the target of the COX-independent antineoplastic actions of NSAID. Here we report on the X-ray crystal structures of AKR1C3 complexed with the NSAID indomethacin (1.8 A resolution) or flufenamic acid (1.7 A resolution). One molecule of indomethacin is bound in the active site, whereas flufenamic acid binds to both the active site and the beta-hairpin loop, at the opposite end of the central beta-barrel. Two other crystal structures (1.20 and 2.1 A resolution) show acetate bound in the active site occupying the proposed oxyanion hole. The data underline AKR1C3 as a COX-independent target for NSAID and will provide a structural basis for the future development of new cancer therapies with reduced COX-dependent side effects.


    Organizational Affiliation

    The School of Biosciences, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Aldo-keto reductase family 1 member C3
A
331Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: AKR1C3 (DDH1, HSD17B5, KIAA0119, PGFS)
EC: 1.-.-.-
Find proteins for P42330 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: AKR1C3
Go to UniProtKB:  P42330
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAP
Query on NAP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
NADP NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHATE
2'-MONOPHOSPHOADENOSINE 5'-DIPHOSPHORIBOSE
C21 H28 N7 O17 P3
XJLXINKUBYWONI-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
UNX
Query on UNX

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Download CCD File 
A
UNKNOWN ATOM OR ION
X
*
 Ligand Interaction
IMN
Query on IMN

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Download CCD File 
A
INDOMETHACIN
C19 H16 Cl N O4
CGIGDMFJXJATDK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
DMS
Query on DMS

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Download CCD File 
A
DIMETHYL SULFOXIDE
C2 H6 O S
IAZDPXIOMUYVGZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
IMNKi: 270 - >100000 nM (99) BINDINGDB
IMNIC50: 100 - 130000 nM (99) BINDINGDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.198 
  • R-Value Work: 0.172 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 55.808α = 90.00
b = 63.074β = 90.00
c = 96.200γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
REFMACrefinement
CNSphasing
CCP4data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-03-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance