Structural Basis for the Restoration of TCR Recognition of an MHC Allelic Variant by Peptide Secondary Anchor SubstitutionMiley, M.J., Messaoudi, I., Metzner, B.M., Wu, Y., Nikolich-Zugich, J., Fremont, D.H.
(2004) J Exp Med 200: 1445-1454
- PubMed: 15557346
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.20040217
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
1RJY, 1RJZ, 1RK0, 1RK1
- PubMed Abstract:
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I variants H-2K(b) and H-2K(bm8) differ primarily in the B pocket of the peptide-binding groove, which serves to sequester the P2 secondary anchor residue. This polymorphism determines resistance to lethal herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) infection by modulating T cell responses to the immunodominant glycoprotein B(498-505) epitope, HSV8. We studied the molecular basis of these effects and confirmed that T cell receptors raised against K(b)-HSV8 cannot recognize H-2K(bm8)-HSV8. However, substitution of Ser(P2) to Glu(P2) (peptide H2E) reversed T cell receptor (TCR) recognition; H-2K(bm8)-H2E was recognized whereas H-2K(b)-H2E was not. Insight into the structural basis of this discrimination was obtained by determining the crystal structures of all four MHC class I molecules in complex with bound peptide (pMHCs). Surprisingly, we find no concerted pMHC surface differences that can explain the differential TCR recognition. However, a correlation is apparent between the recognition data and the underlying peptide-binding groove chemistry of the B pocket, revealing that secondary anchor residues can profoundly affect TCR engagement through mechanisms distinct from the alteration of the resting state conformation of the pMHC surface.
Department of Pathology and Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.