1R18

Drosophila protein isoaspartyl methyltransferase with S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.233 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Catalytic implications from the Drosophila protein L-isoaspartyl methyltransferase structure and site-directed mutagenesis.

Bennett, E.J.Bjerregaard, J.Knapp, J.E.Chavous, D.A.Friedman, A.M.Royer Jr., W.E.O'Connor, C.M.

(2003) Biochemistry 42: 12844-12853

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi034891+

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Protein L-isoaspartyl methyltransferases (PIMT; EC 2.1.1.77) catalyze the S-adenosylmethionine-dependent methylation of L-isoaspartyl residues that arise spontaneously in proteins with age, thereby initiating a repair process that restores the normal ...

    Protein L-isoaspartyl methyltransferases (PIMT; EC 2.1.1.77) catalyze the S-adenosylmethionine-dependent methylation of L-isoaspartyl residues that arise spontaneously in proteins with age, thereby initiating a repair process that restores the normal backbone configuration to the damaged polypeptide. In Drosophila melanogaster, overexpression of PIMT in transgenic flies extends the normal life span, suggesting that protein damage can be a limiting factor in longevity. To understand structural features of the Drosophila PIMT (dPIMT) important for catalysis, the crystal structure of dPIMT was determined at a resolution of 2.2 A, and site-directed mutagenesis was used to identify the role of Ser-60 in catalysis. The core structure of dPIMT is similar to the modified nucleotide-binding fold observed in PIMTs from extreme thermophiles and humans. A striking difference of the dPIMT structure is the rotation of the C-terminal residues by 90 degrees relative to the homologous structures. Effectively, this displacement generates a more open conformation that allows greater solvent access to S-adenosylhomocysteine, which is almost completely buried in other PIMT structures. The enzyme may alternate between the open conformation found for dPIMT and the more closed conformations described for other PIMTs during its catalytic cycle, thereby allowing the exchange of substrates and products. Catalysis by dPIMT requires the side chain of the conserved, active site residue Ser-60, since substitution of this residue with Thr, Gln, or Ala reduces or abolishes the methylation of both protein and isoaspartyl peptide substrates.


    Related Citations: 
    • Crystal structure of human L-isoaspartyl-O-methyl-transferase with S-adenosyl homocysteine at 1.6A resolution and modeling of an isoaspartyl-containing peptide at the active site
      Smith, C.D.,Carson, M.,Friedman, A.M.,Skinner, M.M.,Delucas, L.,Chantalat, L.,Weise, L.,Shirasawa, T.,Chattopadhyay, D.
      (2002) Protein Sci. 11: 625


    Organizational Affiliation

    Biology Department, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts 02467, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Protein-L-isoaspartate(D-aspartate)-O-methyltransferase
A
227Drosophila melanogasterMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Pcmt (PIAM)
EC: 2.1.1.77
Find proteins for Q27869 (Drosophila melanogaster)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q27869
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SAH
Query on SAH

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
S-ADENOSYL-L-HOMOCYSTEINE
C14 H20 N6 O5 S
ZJUKTBDSGOFHSH-WFMPWKQPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.233 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 72.070α = 90.00
b = 45.250β = 102.90
c = 61.240γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-12-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-11
    Type: Advisory, Refinement description