1QHC

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF RIBONUCLEASE A IN COMPLEX WITH 5'-PHOSPHO-2'-DEOXYURIDINE-3'-PYROPHOSPHATE ADENOSINE-3'-PHOSPHATE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.260 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Toward rational design of ribonuclease inhibitors: high-resolution crystal structure of a ribonuclease A complex with a potent 3',5'-pyrophosphate-linked dinucleotide inhibitor.

Leonidas, D.D.Shapiro, R.Irons, L.I.Russo, N.Acharya, K.R.

(1999) Biochemistry 38: 10287-10297

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi990900w
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1QHC

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The crystal structure of ribonuclease A (RNase A) in complex with pdUppA-3'-p [5'-phospho-2'-deoxyuridine-3'-pyrophosphate (P'-->5') adenosine 3'-phosphate] has been determined at 1.7 A resolution. This dinucleotide is the most potent low molecular w ...

    The crystal structure of ribonuclease A (RNase A) in complex with pdUppA-3'-p [5'-phospho-2'-deoxyuridine-3'-pyrophosphate (P'-->5') adenosine 3'-phosphate] has been determined at 1.7 A resolution. This dinucleotide is the most potent low molecular weight inhibitor of RNase A reported to date (K(i) = 27 nM) and is also effective against two major nonpancreatic RNases: eosinophil-derived neurotoxin and RNase-4; in all cases, tight binding in large part derives from the unusual 3',5'-pyrophosphate internucleotide linkage [Russo, N., and Shapiro, R. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 14902-14908]. The design of pdUppA-3'-p was based on the crystal structure of RNase A complexed with 5'-diphosphoadenosine 3'-phosphate (ppA-3'-p) [Leonidas, D. D., Shapiro, R., Irons, L. I., Russo, N., and Acharya, K. R. (1997) Biochemistry 36, 5578-5588]. The adenosine of pdUppA-3'-p adopts an atypical syn conformation not observed for standard adenosine nucleotides bound to RNase A. This conformation, which allows extensive interactions with Asn 67, Gln 69, Asn 71, and His 119, is associated with the placement of the 5'-beta-phosphate of the adenylate, rather than alpha-phosphate, at the site where substrate phosphodiester bond cleavage occurs. The contacts of the deoxyuridine 5'-phosphate portion of pdUppA-3'-p appear to be responsible for the 9-fold increased affinity of this compound as compared to ppA-3'-p: the uracil base binds to Thr 45 in the same manner as previous pyrimidine inhibitors, and the terminal 5'-phosphate is positioned to form medium-range Coulombic interactions with Lys 66. The full potential benefit of these added interactions is not realized because of compensatory losses of hydrogen bonds of Lys 7 and Gln 11 with the terminal 3'-phosphate and the adenylate 5'-alpha-phosphate, which were not predicted by modeling. The results reported here have important implications for the design of improved inhibitors of RNase A and for the development of therapeutic agents to control the activities of RNase homologues such as eosinophil-derived neurotoxin and angiogenin that have roles in human pathologies.


    Related Citations: 
    • Crystal Structures of Ribonuclease A Complexes with 5'-Diphosphoadenosine 3'- Phosphate and 5'-Diphosphoadenosine 2'-Phosphate at 1.7 A Resolution
      Leonidas, D.D., Shapiro, R., Irons, L.I., Russo, N., Acharya, K.R.
      (1997) Biochemistry 36: 5578

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, UK.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PROTEIN (RIBONUCLEASE A)AB124Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RNASE1RNS1
EC: 3.1.27.5 (PDB Primary Data), 4.6.1.18 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P61823 (Bos taurus)
Explore P61823 
Go to UniProtKB:  P61823
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PUA
Query on PUA

Download CCD File 
A, B
ADENYLATE-3'-PHOSPHATE-[[2'-DEOXY-URIDINE-5'-PHOSPHATE]-3'-PHOSPHATE]
C19 H27 N7 O20 P4
JIAJERGOUFOENU-LNAOLWRRSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
PUAKi :  27   nM  PDBBind
PUAKi:  27   nM  Binding MOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.260 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 101.36α = 90
b = 33.21β = 90.11
c = 73.06γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
X-PLORrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1999-08-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2007-10-16
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance