1PBC

CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF WILD-TYPE P-HYDROXYBENZOATE HYDROXYLASE COMPLEXED WITH 4-AMINOBENZOATE, 2,4-DIHYDROXYBENZOATE AND 2-HYDROXY-4-AMINOBENZOATE AND OF THE TRY222ALA MUTANT, COMPLEXED WITH 2-HYDROXY-4-AMINOBENZOATE. EVIDENCE FOR A PROTON CHANNEL AND A NEW BINDING MODE OF THE FLAVIN RING


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.8 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.145 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structures of wild-type p-hydroxybenzoate hydroxylase complexed with 4-aminobenzoate,2,4-dihydroxybenzoate, and 2-hydroxy-4-aminobenzoate and of the Tyr222Ala mutant complexed with 2-hydroxy-4-aminobenzoate. Evidence for a proton channel and a new binding mode of the flavin ring

Schreuder, H.A.Mattevi, A.Obmolova, G.Kalk, K.H.Hol, W.G.van der Bolt, F.J.van Berkel, W.J.

(1994) Biochemistry 33: 10161-10170

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The crystal structures of wild-type p-hydroxybenzoate hydroxylase from Pseudomonas fluorescens, complexed with the substrate analogues 4-aminobenzoate, 2,4-dihydroxybenzoate, and 2-hydroxy-4-aminobenzoate have been determined at 2.3-, 2.5-, and 2.8-A ...

    The crystal structures of wild-type p-hydroxybenzoate hydroxylase from Pseudomonas fluorescens, complexed with the substrate analogues 4-aminobenzoate, 2,4-dihydroxybenzoate, and 2-hydroxy-4-aminobenzoate have been determined at 2.3-, 2.5-, and 2.8-A resolution, respectively. In addition, the crystal structure of a Tyr222Ala mutant, complexed with 2-hydroxy-4-aminobenzoate, has been determined at 2.7-A resolution. The structures have been refined to R factors between 14.5% and 15.8% for data between 8.0 A and the high-resolution limit. The differences between these complexes and the wild-type enzyme-substrate complex are all concentrated in the active site region. Binding of substrate analogues bearing a 4-amino group (4-aminobenzoate and 2-hydroxy-4-aminobenzoate) leads to binding of a water molecule next to the active site Tyr385. As a result, a continuous hydrogen-bonding network is present between the 4-amino group of the substrate analogue and the side chain of His72. It is likely that this hydrogen-bonding network is transiently present during normal catalysis, where it may or may not function as a proton channel assisting the deprotonation of the 4-hydroxyl group of the normal substrate upon binding to the active site. Binding of substrate analogues bearing a hydroxyl group at the 2-position (2,4-dihydroxybenzoate and 2-hydroxy-4-aminobenzoate) leads to displacement of the flavin ring from the active site. The flavin is no longer in the active site (the "in" conformation) but is in the cleft leading to the active site instead (the "out" conformation). It is proposed that movement of the FAD out of the active site may provide an entrance for the substrate to enter the active site and an exit for the product to leave.


    Related Citations: 
    • Crystal Structure of the Reduced Form of P-Hydroxybenzoate Hydroxylase Refined at 2.3 Angstroms Resolution
      Schreuder, H.A.,Van Der Laan, J.M.,Swarte, M.B.A.,Kalk, K.H.,Hol, W.G.J.,Drenth, J.
      (1992) Proteins 14: 178
    • Crystal Structure of the P-Hydroxybenzoate Hydroxylase-Substrate Complex Refined at 1.9 Angstroms Resolution. Analysis of the Enzyme-Substrate and Enzyme-Product Complexes
      Schreuder, H.A.,Prick, P.A.J.,Wierenga, R.K.,Vriend, G.,Wilson, K.S.,Hol, W.G.J.,Drenth, J.
      (1989) J.Mol.Biol. 208: 679
    • The Influence of Purification and Protein Heterogeneity on the Crystallization of P-Hydroxybenzoate Hydroxylase
      Van Der Laan, J.M.,Swarte, M.B.A.,Groendijk, H.,Hol, W.G.J.,Drenth, J.
      (1989) Eur.J.Biochem. 179: 715
    • Molecular Modeling Reveals the Possible Importance of a Carbonyl Oxygen Binding Pocket for the Catalytic Mechanism of P-Hydroxybenzoate Hydroxylase
      Schreuder, H.A.,Hol, W.G.J.,Drenth, J.
      (1988) J.Biol.Chem. 263: 3131
    • Comparison of the Three-Dimensional Protein and Nucleotide Structure of the Fad-Binding Domain of P-Hydroxybenzoate Hydroxylase with the Fad-as Well as Nadph-Binding Domains of Glutathione Reductase
      Wierenga, R.K.,Drenth, J.,Schulz, G.E.
      (1983) J.Mol.Biol. 167: 725
    • Crystal Structure of P-Hydroxybenzoate Hydroxylase
      Wierenga, R.K.,De Jong, R.J.,Kalk, K.H.,Hol, W.G.J.,Drenth, J.
      (1979) J.Mol.Biol. 131: 55
    • Crystallization and Preliminary X-Ray Investigation of P-Hydroxybenzoate Hydroxylase from Pseudomonas Fluorescens
      Drenth, J.,Hol, W.G.J.,Wierenga, R.K.
      (1975) J.Biol.Chem. 250: 5268
    • Crystal Structure of P-Hydroxybenzoate Hydroxylase Complexed with its Reaction Product 3,4-Dihydroxybenzoate
      Schreuder, H.A.,Van Der Laan, J.M.,Hol, W.G.J.,Drenth, J.
      (1988) J.Mol.Biol. 199: 637
    • Analysis of the Active Site of the Flavoprotein P-Hydroxybenzoate Hydroxylase and Some Ideas with Respect to its Reaction Mechanism
      Schreuder, H.A.,Hol, W.G.J.,Drenth, J.
      (1989) Biochemistry 29: 3101
    • The Coenzyme Analogue Adenosine 5-Diphosphoribose Displaces Fad in the Active Site of P-Hydroxybenzoate Hydroxylase. An X-Ray Crystallographic Investigation
      Van Der Laan, J.M.,Schreuder, H.A.,Swarte, M.B.A.,Wierenga, R.K.,Kalk, K.H.,Hol, W.G.J.,Drenth, J.
      (1989) Biochemistry 28: 7199


    Organizational Affiliation

    Bioson Research Institute, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
P-HYDROXYBENZOATE HYDROXYLASE
A
394Pseudomonas fluorescensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: pobA
EC: 1.14.13.2
Find proteins for P00438 (Pseudomonas fluorescens)
Go to UniProtKB:  P00438
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FAD
Query on FAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BHA
Query on BHA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
2-HYDROXY-4-AMINOBENZOIC ACID
C7 H7 N O3
WUBBRNOQWQTFEX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.8 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.145 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 72.200α = 90.00
b = 146.300β = 90.00
c = 88.800γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORrefinement
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1994-09-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-29
    Type: Derived calculations, Other