1P29

Crystal Structure of glycogen phosphorylase b in complex with maltopentaose


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.215 
  • R-Value Work: 0.182 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The binding of beta- and gamma-cyclodextrins to glycogen phosphorylase b: Kinetic and crystallographic studies.

Pinotsis, N.Leonidas, D.D.Chrysina, E.D.Oikonomakos, N.G.Mavridis, I.M.

(2003) Protein Sci. 12: 1914-1924

  • DOI: 10.1110/ps.03149503
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A number of regulatory binding sites of glycogen phosphorylase (GP), such as the catalytic, the inhibitor, and the new allosteric sites are currently under investigation as targets for inhibition of hepatic glycogenolysis under high glucose concentra ...

    A number of regulatory binding sites of glycogen phosphorylase (GP), such as the catalytic, the inhibitor, and the new allosteric sites are currently under investigation as targets for inhibition of hepatic glycogenolysis under high glucose concentrations; in some cases specific inhibitors are under evaluation in human clinical trials for therapeutic intervention in type 2 diabetes. In an attempt to investigate whether the storage site can be exploited as target for modulating hepatic glucose production, alpha-, beta-, and gamma-cyclodextrins were identified as moderate mixed-type competitive inhibitors of GPb (with respect to glycogen) with K(i) values of 47.1, 14.1, and 7.4 mM, respectively. To elucidate the structural basis of inhibition, we determined the structure of GPb complexed with beta- and gamma-cyclodextrins at 1.94 A and 2.3 A resolution, respectively. The structures of the two complexes reveal that the inhibitors can be accommodated in the glycogen storage site of T-state GPb with very little change of the tertiary structure and provide a basis for understanding their potency and subsite specificity. Structural comparisons of the two complexes with GPb in complex with either maltopentaose (G5) or maltoheptaose (G7) show that beta- and gamma-cyclodextrins bind in a mode analogous to the G5 and G7 binding with only some differences imposed by their cyclic conformations. It appears that the binding energy for stabilization of enzyme complexes derives from hydrogen bonding and van der Waals contacts to protein residues. The binding of alpha-cyclodextrin and octakis (2,3,6-tri-O-methyl)-gamma-cyclodextrin was also investigated, but none of them was bound in the crystal; moreover, the latter did not inhibit the phosphorylase reaction.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Physical Chemistry, National Center for Scientific Research "Demokritos," Athens, Greece.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Glycogen phosphorylase, muscle form
A
842Oryctolagus cuniculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PYGM
EC: 2.4.1.1
Find proteins for P00489 (Oryctolagus cuniculus)
Go to Gene View: PYGM
Go to UniProtKB:  P00489
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GLC
Query on GLC

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ALPHA-D-GLUCOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-DVKNGEFBSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PLP
Query on PLP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
PYRIDOXAL-5'-PHOSPHATE
VITAMIN B6 Phosphate
C8 H10 N O6 P
NGVDGCNFYWLIFO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.215 
  • R-Value Work: 0.182 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 128.599α = 90.00
b = 128.599β = 90.00
c = 116.348γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSphasing
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-09-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-11
    Type: Refinement description