1OFR

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE TYROSINE-REGULATED 3-DEOXY-D-ARABINO-HEPTULOSONATE-7-PHOSPHATE SYNTHASE FROM SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE COMPLEXED WITH PHENYLALANINE AND MANGANESE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.274 
  • R-Value Work: 0.232 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.232 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Substrate and Metal Complexes of 3-Deoxy-D-Arabino-Heptulosonate-7-Phosphate Synthase from Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Provide New Insights Into the Catalytic Mechanism.

Koenig, V.Pfeil, A.Heinrich, G.Braus, G.Schneider, T.R.

(2004) J Mol Biol 337: 675

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2004.01.055
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • 3-Deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate (DAHP) synthases are metal-dependent enzymes that catalyse the first committed step in the biosynthesis of aromatic amino acids in microorganisms and plants, the condensation of 2-phophoenolpyruvate (PEP) a ...

    3-Deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate (DAHP) synthases are metal-dependent enzymes that catalyse the first committed step in the biosynthesis of aromatic amino acids in microorganisms and plants, the condensation of 2-phophoenolpyruvate (PEP) and d-erythrose 4-phosphate (E4P) to DAHP. The DAHP synthases are possible targets for fungicides and represent a model system for feedback regulation in metabolic pathways. To gain further insight into the role of the metal ion and the catalytic mechanism in general, the crystal structures of several complexes between the tyrosine-regulated form of DAHP synthase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and different metal ions and ligands have been determined. The crystal structures provide evidence that the simultaneous presence of a metal ion and PEP result in an ordering of the protein into a conformation that is prepared for binding the second substrate E4P. The site and binding mode of E4P was derived from the 1.5A resolution crystal structure of DAHP synthase in complex with PEP, Co2+, and the E4P analogue glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate. Our data suggest that the oxygen atom of the reactive carbonyl group of E4P replaces a water molecule coordinated to the metal ion, strongly favouring a reaction mechanism where the initial step is a nucleophilic attack of the double bond of PEP on the metal-activated carbonyl group of E4P. Mutagenesis experiments substituting specific amino acids coordinating PEP, the divalent metal ion or the second substrate E4P, result in stable but inactive Aro4p-derivatives and show the importance of these residues for the catalytic mechanism.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Structural Chemistry, University of Göttingen, Tammannstr. 4, D-37077 Göttingen, Germany.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PHOSPHO-2-DEHYDRO-3-DEOXYHEPTONATE ALDOLASE
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
370Saccharomyces cerevisiaeMutation(s): 0 
EC: 4.1.2.15 (PDB Primary Data), 2.5.1.54 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P32449 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P32449
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PHE
Query on PHE

Download CCD File 
C, D, G, H
PHENYLALANINE
C9 H11 N O2
COLNVLDHVKWLRT-QMMMGPOBSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MN
Query on MN

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
MANGANESE (II) ION
Mn
WAEMQWOKJMHJLA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.274 
  • R-Value Work: 0.232 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.232 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 82.287α = 65.14
b = 94.034β = 85.68
c = 105.121γ = 75.73
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
EPMRphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-04-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2019-07-24
    Changes: Data collection