1OF1

KINETICS AND CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS TYPE 1 THYMIDINE KINASE INTERACTING WITH (SOUTH)-METHANOCARBA-THYMIDINE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.218 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.184 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Biochemical and Structural Characterization of (South)-Methanocarbathymidine that Specifically Inhibits Growth of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 Thymidine Kinase-Transduced Osteosarcoma Cells

Schelling, P.Claus, M.T.Johner, R.Marquez, V.E.Schulz, G.E.Scapozza, L.

(2004) J Biol Chem 279: 32832

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M313343200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1OF1

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Two analogs of the natural nucleoside dT featuring a pseudosugar with fixed conformation in place of the deoxyribosyl residue (carbathymidine analogs) were biochemically and structurally characterized for their acceptance by both human cytosolic thymidine kinase isoenzyme 1 (hTK1) and herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (HSV1 TK) and subsequently tested in cell proliferation assays ...

    Two analogs of the natural nucleoside dT featuring a pseudosugar with fixed conformation in place of the deoxyribosyl residue (carbathymidine analogs) were biochemically and structurally characterized for their acceptance by both human cytosolic thymidine kinase isoenzyme 1 (hTK1) and herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (HSV1 TK) and subsequently tested in cell proliferation assays. 3'-exo-Methanocarbathymidine ((South)-methanocarbathymidine (S)-MCT), which is a substrate for HSV1 TK, specifically inhibited growth of HSV1 TK-transduced human osteosarcoma cells with an IC(50) value in the range of 15 microM without significant toxicity toward both hTK1-negative (TK(-)) and non-transduced cells. 2'-exo-Methanocarbathymidine ((North)-methanocarbathymidine (N)-MCT), which is a weak substrate for hTK1 and a substantial one for HSV1 TK, induced a specific growth inhibition in HSV1 TK-transfected cells comparable to that of (S)-MCT and ganciclovir. A growth inhibition activity was also observed with (N)-MCT and ganciclovir in non-transduced cells in a cell line-dependent manner, whereas TK(-) cells were not affected. The presented 1.95-A crystal structure of the complex (S)-MCT.HSV1 TK explains both the more favorable binding affinity and catalytic turnover of (S)-MCT for HSV1 TK over the North analog. Additionally the plasticity of the active site of the enzyme is addressed by comparing the binding of (North)- and (South)-carbathymidine analogs. The presented study of these two potent candidate prodrugs for HSV1 TK gene-directed enzyme prodrug therapy suggests that (S)-MCT may be even safer to use than its North counterpart (N)-MCT.


    Related Citations: 
    • The Three-Dimensional Structure of Thymidine Kinase from Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1
      Wild, K., Bohner, T., Aubry, A., Folkers, G., Schulz, G.E.
      (1995) FEBS Lett 368: 289

    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zurich, Switzerland.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
THYMIDINE KINASE AB376Human alphaherpesvirus 1 strain 17Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: TKUL23
EC: 2.7.1.21
Find proteins for P03176 (Human herpesvirus 1 (strain 17))
Explore P03176 
Go to UniProtKB:  P03176
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SCT
Query on SCT

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
(SOUTH)-METHANOCARBA-THYMIDINE
C12 H16 N2 O4
XRMLXZVSFIBRRJ-PEFMBERDSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
SCTIC50:  15000   nM  Binding MOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.218 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.184 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 113.73α = 90
b = 118.01β = 90
c = 108.2γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2004-06-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2019-07-24
    Changes: Data collection