1OF1

KINETICS AND CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS TYPE 1 THYMIDINE KINASE INTERACTING WITH (SOUTH)-METHANOCARBA-THYMIDINE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.218 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Biochemical and Structural Characterization of (South)-Methanocarbathymidine that Specifically Inhibits Growth of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 Thymidine Kinase-Transduced Osteosarcoma Cells

Schelling, P.Claus, M.T.Johner, R.Marquez, V.E.Schulz, G.E.Scapozza, L.

(2004) J.Biol.Chem. 279: 32832

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M313343200

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Two analogs of the natural nucleoside dT featuring a pseudosugar with fixed conformation in place of the deoxyribosyl residue (carbathymidine analogs) were biochemically and structurally characterized for their acceptance by both human cytosolic thym ...

    Two analogs of the natural nucleoside dT featuring a pseudosugar with fixed conformation in place of the deoxyribosyl residue (carbathymidine analogs) were biochemically and structurally characterized for their acceptance by both human cytosolic thymidine kinase isoenzyme 1 (hTK1) and herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (HSV1 TK) and subsequently tested in cell proliferation assays. 3'-exo-Methanocarbathymidine ((South)-methanocarbathymidine (S)-MCT), which is a substrate for HSV1 TK, specifically inhibited growth of HSV1 TK-transduced human osteosarcoma cells with an IC(50) value in the range of 15 microM without significant toxicity toward both hTK1-negative (TK(-)) and non-transduced cells. 2'-exo-Methanocarbathymidine ((North)-methanocarbathymidine (N)-MCT), which is a weak substrate for hTK1 and a substantial one for HSV1 TK, induced a specific growth inhibition in HSV1 TK-transfected cells comparable to that of (S)-MCT and ganciclovir. A growth inhibition activity was also observed with (N)-MCT and ganciclovir in non-transduced cells in a cell line-dependent manner, whereas TK(-) cells were not affected. The presented 1.95-A crystal structure of the complex (S)-MCT.HSV1 TK explains both the more favorable binding affinity and catalytic turnover of (S)-MCT for HSV1 TK over the North analog. Additionally the plasticity of the active site of the enzyme is addressed by comparing the binding of (North)- and (South)-carbathymidine analogs. The presented study of these two potent candidate prodrugs for HSV1 TK gene-directed enzyme prodrug therapy suggests that (S)-MCT may be even safer to use than its North counterpart (N)-MCT.


    Related Citations: 
    • The Three-Dimensional Structure of Thymidine Kinase from Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1
      Wild, K.,Bohner, T.,Aubry, A.,Folkers, G.,Schulz, G.E.
      (1995) FEBS Lett. 368: 289


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zurich, Switzerland.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
THYMIDINE KINASE
A, B
376Human herpesvirus 1 (strain 17)Gene Names: TK
EC: 2.7.1.21
Find proteins for P03176 (Human herpesvirus 1 (strain 17))
Go to UniProtKB:  P03176
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
SCT
Query on SCT

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
(SOUTH)-METHANOCARBA-THYMIDINE
C12 H16 N2 O4
XRMLXZVSFIBRRJ-PEFMBERDSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
SCTIC50: 15000 nM BINDINGMOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.218 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 113.730α = 90.00
b = 118.010β = 90.00
c = 108.200γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-06-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance