1O8A

Crystal Structure of Human Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (Native).


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.180 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.180 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 2.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure of the human angiotensin-converting enzyme-lisinopril complex.

Natesh, R.Schwager, S.L.Sturrock, E.D.Acharya, K.R.

(2003) Nature 421: 551-554

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature01370
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1O86, 1O8A

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) has a critical role in cardiovascular function by cleaving the carboxy terminal His-Leu dipeptide from angiotensin I to produce a potent vasopressor octapeptide, angiotensin II. Inhibitors of ACE are a first line of therapy for hypertension, heart failure, myocardial infarction and diabetic nephropathy ...

    Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) has a critical role in cardiovascular function by cleaving the carboxy terminal His-Leu dipeptide from angiotensin I to produce a potent vasopressor octapeptide, angiotensin II. Inhibitors of ACE are a first line of therapy for hypertension, heart failure, myocardial infarction and diabetic nephropathy. Notably, these inhibitors were developed without knowledge of the structure of human ACE, but were instead designed on the basis of an assumed mechanistic homology with carboxypeptidase A. Here we present the X-ray structure of human testicular ACE and its complex with one of the most widely used inhibitors, lisinopril (N2-[(S)-1-carboxy-3-phenylpropyl]-L-lysyl-L-proline; also known as Prinivil or Zestril), at 2.0 A resolution. Analysis of the three-dimensional structure of ACE shows that it bears little similarity to that of carboxypeptidase A, but instead resembles neurolysin and Pyrococcus furiosus carboxypeptidase--zinc metallopeptidases with no detectable sequence similarity to ACE. The structure provides an opportunity to design domain-selective ACE inhibitors that may exhibit new pharmacological profiles.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath BA2 7AY, UK.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYMEA589Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ACEDCPDCP1
EC: 3.4.15.1 (PDB Primary Data), 3.2.1 (UniProt)
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P12821 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P12821 
Go to UniProtKB:  P12821
PHAROS:  P12821
GTEx:  ENSG00000159640 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP12821
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG
Query on NAG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A],
C [auth A],
D [auth A],
E [auth A],
F [auth A],
B [auth A],
C [auth A],
D [auth A],
E [auth A],
F [auth A],
G [auth A]
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NXA
Query on NXA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
J [auth A]N-CARBOXYALANINE
C4 H7 N O4
JCVPWRQVQNVNGU-REOHCLBHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
I [auth A]ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
H [auth A]ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
K [auth A],
L [auth A]
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.180 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.180 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 56.62α = 90
b = 85.06β = 90
c = 133.79γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2003-02-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2018-07-11
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary
  • Version 2.1: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary