1NM5

R. rubrum transhydrogenase (dI.Q132N)2(dIII)1 asymmetric complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.264 
  • R-Value Work: 0.236 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Glutamine 132 in the NAD(H)-binding component of proton-translocating transhydrogenase tethers the nucleotides before hydride transfer.

van Boxel, G.I.Quirk, P.G.Cotton, N.P.White, S.A.Jackson, J.B.

(2003) Biochemistry 42: 1217-1226

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi027032e

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Transhydrogenase, found in bacterial membranes and inner mitochondrial membranes of animal cells, couples the redox reaction between NAD(H) and NADP(H) to proton translocation. In this work, the invariant Gln132 in the NAD(H)-binding component (dI) o ...

    Transhydrogenase, found in bacterial membranes and inner mitochondrial membranes of animal cells, couples the redox reaction between NAD(H) and NADP(H) to proton translocation. In this work, the invariant Gln132 in the NAD(H)-binding component (dI) of the Rhodospirillum rubrum transhydrogenase was substituted with Asn (to give dI.Q132N). Mixtures of the mutant protein and the NADP(H)-binding component (dIII) of the enzyme readily produced an asymmetric complex, (dI.Q132N)(2)dIII(1). The X-ray structure of the complex revealed specific changes in the interaction between bound nicotinamide nucleotides and the protein at the hydride transfer site. The first-order rate constant of the redox reaction between nucleotides bound to (dI.Q132N)(2)dIII(1) was <1% of that for the wild-type complex, and the deuterium isotope effect was significantly decreased. The nucleotide binding properties of the dI component in the complex were asymmetrically affected by the Gln-to-Asn mutation. In intact, membrane-bound transhydrogenase, the substitution completely abolished all catalytic activity. The results suggest that Gln132 in the wild-type enzyme behaves as a "tether" or a "tie" in the mutual positioning of the (dihydro)nicotinamide rings of NAD(H) and NADP(H) for hydride transfer during the conformational changes that are coupled to the translocation of protons across the membrane. This ensures that hydride transfer is properly gated and does not take place in the absence of proton translocation.


    Related Citations: 
    • The crystal Structure of an Asymmetric Complex of the Two Nucleotide Binding Components of Proton-Translocating Transhydrogenase
      Cotton, N.P.,White, S.A.,Peake, S.J.,McSweeney, S.,Jackson, J.B.
      (2001) Structure 9: 165


    Organizational Affiliation

    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
NAD(P) transhydrogenase subunit alpha part 1
A, B
384Rhodospirillum rubrum (strain ATCC 11170 / ATH 1.1.1 / DSM 467 / LMG 4362 / NCIB 8255 / S1)Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: pntAA (nntA1)
EC: 7.1.1.1
Find proteins for Q2RSB2 (Rhodospirillum rubrum (strain ATCC 11170 / ATH 1.1.1 / DSM 467 / LMG 4362 / NCIB 8255 / S1))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q2RSB2
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
NAD(P) transhydrogenase subunit beta
C
203Rhodospirillum rubrum (strain ATCC 11170 / ATH 1.1.1 / DSM 467 / LMG 4362 / NCIB 8255 / S1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: pntB (nntB)
EC: 7.1.1.1
Find proteins for Q2RSB4 (Rhodospirillum rubrum (strain ATCC 11170 / ATH 1.1.1 / DSM 467 / LMG 4362 / NCIB 8255 / S1))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q2RSB4
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAP
Query on NAP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
C
NADP NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHATE
2'-MONOPHOSPHOADENOSINE 5'-DIPHOSPHORIBOSE
C21 H28 N7 O17 P3
XJLXINKUBYWONI-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAD
Query on NAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE
C21 H27 N7 O14 P2
BAWFJGJZGIEFAR-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
NADKd: 20000 nM BINDINGMOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.264 
  • R-Value Work: 0.236 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 71.939α = 90.00
b = 73.886β = 90.00
c = 205.257γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
CCP4data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-01-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance