biosynthetic thiolase, inactive C89A mutant

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.243 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.201 

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This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


The catalytic cycle of biosynthetic thiolase: A conformational journey of an acetyl group through four binding modes and two oxyanion holes

Kursula, P.Ojala, J.Lambeir, A.-M.Wierenga, R.K.

(2002) Biochemistry 41: 15543-15556

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/bi0266232
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1M1O, 1M1T, 1M3K, 1M3Z, 1M4S, 1M4T

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Biosynthetic thiolase catalyzes the formation of acetoacetyl-CoA from two molecules of acetyl-CoA. This is a key step in the synthesis of many biological compounds, including steroid hormones and ketone bodies. The thiolase reaction involves two chemically distinct steps; during acyl transfer, an acetyl group is transferred from acetyl-CoA to Cys89, and in the Claisen condensation step, this acetyl group is further transferred to a second molecule of acetyl-CoA, generating acetoacetyl-CoA. Here, new crystallographic data for Zoogloea ramigera biosynthetic thiolase are presented, covering all intermediates of the thiolase catalytic cycle. The high-resolution structures indicate that the acetyl group goes through four conformations while being transferred from acetyl-CoA via the acetylated enzyme to acetoacetyl-CoA. This transfer is catalyzed in a rigid cavity lined by mostly hydrophobic side chains, in addition to the catalytic residues Cys89, His348, and Cys378. The structures highlight the importance of an oxyanion hole formed by a water molecule and His348 in stabilizing the negative charge on the thioester oxygen atom of acetyl-CoA at two different steps of the reaction cycle. Another oxyanion hole, composed of the main chain nitrogen atoms of Cys89 and Gly380, complements a negative charge of the thioester oxygen anion of the acetylated intermediate, stabilizing the tetrahedral transition state of the Claisen condensation step. The reactivity of the active site may be modulated by hydrogen bonding networks extending from the active site toward the back of the molecule.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Biocenter Oulu, P.O. Box 3000, FIN-90014 University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase
A, B, C, D
392Zoogloea ramigeraMutation(s): 1 
Find proteins for P07097 (Shinella zoogloeoides)
Explore P07097 
Go to UniProtKB:  P07097
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP07097
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.243 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.201 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 84.37α = 90
b = 79.199β = 92.32
c = 148.863γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata scaling
XDSdata reduction

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2002-11-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-28
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2021-10-27
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations
  • Version 1.4: 2024-02-14
    Changes: Data collection, Refinement description