1LKC

Crystal Structure of L-Threonine-O-3-Phosphate Decarboxylase from Salmonella enterica


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.236 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Three-dimensional structure of the L-threonine-O-3-phosphate decarboxylase (CobD) enzyme from Salmonella enterica.

Cheong, C.G.Bauer, C.B.Brushaber, K.R.Escalante-Semerena, J.C.Rayment, I.

(2002) Biochemistry 41: 4798-4808

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi012111w
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1LKC

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The three-dimensional structure of the pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent L-threonine-O-3-phosphate decarboxylase (CobD) from Salmonella enterica is described here. This enzyme is responsible for synthesizing (R)-1-amino-2-propanol phosphate whic ...

    The three-dimensional structure of the pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent L-threonine-O-3-phosphate decarboxylase (CobD) from Salmonella enterica is described here. This enzyme is responsible for synthesizing (R)-1-amino-2-propanol phosphate which is the precursor for the linkage between the nucleotide loop and the corrin ring in cobalamin. The molecule is a molecular dimer where each subunit consists of a large and small domain. Overall the protein is very similar to the members of the family of aspartate aminotransferases. Indeed, the arrangement of the ligands surrounding the cofactor and putative substrate binding site are remarkably close to that observed in histidinol phosphate aminotransferase, which suggests that this latter enzyme might have been its progenitor. The only significant differences in structure occur at the N-terminus, which is approximately 12 residues shorter in CobD and does not form the same type of interdomain interaction common to other aminotransferases. CobD is unusual since within the aspartate aminotransferase subfamily of PLP-dependent enzymes the chemical transformations are substantially conserved, where the only exceptions are 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase and CobD. Although there are a large number of PLP-dependent amino acid decarboxylases, these are generally larger and structurally distinct from the members of the aspartate aminotransferase subfamily of enzymes. The structure of CobD suggests that the chemical fate of the external aldimine can be redirected by modifications at the N-terminus of the protein. This study provides insight into the evolutionary history of the cobalamin biosynthetic pathway and raises the question of why most PLP-dependent decarboxylases are considerably larger enzymes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
L-threonine-O-3-phosphate decarboxylaseA364Salmonella entericaMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: cobD
EC: 4.1.1.81
Find proteins for P97084 (Salmonella typhimurium (strain LT2 / SGSC1412 / ATCC 700720))
Explore P97084 
Go to UniProtKB:  P97084
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PLP
Query on PLP

Download CCD File 
A
PYRIDOXAL-5'-PHOSPHATE
C8 H10 N O6 P
NGVDGCNFYWLIFO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PO4
Query on PO4

Download CCD File 
A
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

Download CCD File 
A
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.236 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • Space Group: I 2 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 67.96α = 90
b = 101.55β = 90
c = 117.23γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2002-05-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-28
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2011-11-16
    Changes: Atomic model