Crystal Structure of a Novel Regulatory 40 kDa Mammary Gland Protein (MGP-40) secreted during Involution

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 2.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.181 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.180 

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Crystal Structure of a Novel Regulatory 40 kDa Mammary Gland Protein (MGP-40) secreted during Involution

Mohanty, A.K.Singh, G.Paramasivam, M.Saravanan, K.Jabeen, T.Sharma, S.Yadav, S.Kaur, P.Kumar, P.Srinivasan, A.Singh, T.P.

(2003) J Biol Chem 278: 14451-14460

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M208967200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    We have determined the crystal structure of a novel regulatory protein (MGP-40) from the mammary gland. This protein is implicated as a protective signaling factor that determines which cells are to survive the drastic tissue remodeling that occurs during involution. It has been indicated that certain cancers could surreptitiously utilize the proposed normal protective signaling by proteins of this family to extend their own survival and thereby allow them to invade the organ and metastasize. In view of this, MGP-40 could form an important target for rational structure-based drug design against breast cancer. It is a single chain, glycosylated protein with a molecular mass of 40 kDa. It was isolated from goat dry secretions and has been cloned and sequenced. It was crystallized by microdialysis from 20 mg ml(-1) solution in 0.1 m Tris-HCl, pH 8.0, and equilibrated against the same solution containing 19% ethanol. Its x-ray structure has been determined by molecular replacement and refined to a 2.9 A resolution. The protein adopts a beta/alpha domain structure with a triose-phosphate isomerase barrel conformation in the core and a small alpha+beta folding domain. A single glycosylation site containing two N-acetylglucosamine units has been observed in the structure. Compared with chitinases and chitinase-like proteins the most important mutation in this protein pertains to a change from Glu to Leu at position 119, which is part of the so-called active site sequence in the form of Asp(115), Leu(119), and Asp(186) and in this case resulting in the loss of chitinase activity. The orientations of two Trp residues Trp(78) and Trp(331) in the beta barrel reduces the free space, drastically impairing the binding of saccharides/polysaccharides. However, the site and mode of binding of this protein to cell surface receptors are not yet known.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110 029, India.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
MGP-40361Capra hircusMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for Q8SPQ0 (Capra hircus)
Explore Q8SPQ0 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8SPQ0
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ8SPQ0
Glycosylation Sites: 1
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence


Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChains Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G07375KG
GlyCosmos:  G07375KG
GlyGen:  G07375KG
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 2.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.181 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.180 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 62.95α = 90
b = 65.89β = 90
c = 107.03γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MAR345data collection
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2003-03-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2007-10-16
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-11
    Changes: Refinement description
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Structure summary