Solution Structure of the Cu(I) bound form of the first heavy metal binding motif of the Menkes protein

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 50 
  • Conformers Submitted: 10 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

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This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Solution structures of the reduced and Cu(I) bound forms of the first metal binding sequence of ATP7A associated with Menkes disease.

DeSilva, T.M.Veglia, G.Opella, S.J.

(2005) Proteins 61: 1038-1049

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/prot.20639
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1KVI, 1KVJ

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    The coding sequence for the first N-terminal copper binding motif of the human Menkes disease protein (MNK1; residues 2-79) was synthesized, cloned, and expressed in bacteria for biochemical and structural studies. MNK1 adopts the betaalphabetabetaalphabeta fold common to all the metal binding sequences (MBS) found in other metal transport systems (e.g., the yeast copper chaperone for superoxide dismutase CCS, the yeast copper chaperone ATX1 bound to Hg(II), and most recently Cu(I), the bacterial copper binding protein, CopZ, and the bacterial Hg(II) binding protein MerP), although substantial differences were found in the metal binding loop. Similar to ATX1, MNK1 binds Cu(I) in a distorted linear bicoordinate geometry. As with MerP, MNK1 has a high affinity for both Hg(II) and Cu(I), although it displays a marked preference for Cu(I). In addition, we found that F71 is a key residue in the compact folding of MNK1, and its mutation to alanine results in an unfolded structure. The homologous residue in MerP has also been mutated with similar results. Finally, to understand the relationship between protein folding and metal affinity and specificity, we expressed a chimeric MBS with the MNK1 protein carrying the binding motif of MerP (CAAC-MNK1); this chimeric protein showed differences in structure and the dynamics of the binding site that may account for metal specificity.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Copper-transporting ATPase 179Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q04656 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q04656 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q04656
GTEx:  ENSG00000165240 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ04656
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChains Name / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
Query on CU1

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]COPPER (I) ION
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 50 
  • Conformers Submitted: 10 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2003-11-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2022-02-23
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations
  • Version 1.4: 2024-05-22
    Changes: Data collection