1KTC

The Structure of alpha-N-Acetylgalactosaminidase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.216 

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This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The 1.9 A structure of alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase: molecular basis of glycosidase deficiency diseases.

Garman, S.C.Hannick, L.Zhu, A.Garboczi, D.N.

(2002) Structure 10: 425-434

  • DOI: 10.1016/s0969-2126(02)00726-8
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1KTB, 1KTC

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • In the lysosome, glycosidases degrade glycolipids, glycoproteins, and oligosaccharides. Mutations in glycosidases cause disorders characterized by the deposition of undegraded carbohydrates. Schindler and Fabry diseases are caused by the incomplete degradation of carbohydrates with terminal alpha-N-acetylgalactosamine and alpha-galactose, respectively ...

    In the lysosome, glycosidases degrade glycolipids, glycoproteins, and oligosaccharides. Mutations in glycosidases cause disorders characterized by the deposition of undegraded carbohydrates. Schindler and Fabry diseases are caused by the incomplete degradation of carbohydrates with terminal alpha-N-acetylgalactosamine and alpha-galactose, respectively. Here we present the X-ray structure of alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase (alpha-NAGAL), the glycosidase that removes alpha-N-acetylgalactosamine, and the structure with bound ligand. The active site residues of alpha-NAGAL are conserved in the closely related enzyme a-galactosidase A (alpha-GAL). The structure demonstrates the catalytic mechanisms of both enzymes and reveals the structural basis of mutations causing Schindler and Fabry diseases. As alpha-NAGAL and alpha-GAL produce type O "universal donor" blood from type A and type B blood, the alpha-NAGAL structure will aid in the engineering of improved enzymes for blood conversion.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Structural Biology Section, Laboratory of Immunogenetics, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA. garman@alpha.niaid.nih.gov



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidaseA405Gallus gallusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: alpha-NAGANAGA
EC: 3.2.1.49
UniProt
Find proteins for Q90744 (Gallus gallus)
Explore Q90744 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q90744
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

Help

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseB2N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G42666HT
GlyCosmos:  G42666HT
GlyGen:  G42666HT
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NGA (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on NGA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-galactopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-JAJWTYFOSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on NAG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A], D [auth A]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
F [auth A], G [auth A], H [auth A], I [auth A], J [auth A]SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
K [auth A] , L [auth A] , M [auth A] , N [auth A] , O [auth A] , P [auth A] , Q [auth A] , R [auth A] , 
K [auth A], L [auth A], M [auth A], N [auth A], O [auth A], P [auth A], Q [auth A], R [auth A], S [auth A], T [auth A]
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACY
Query on ACY

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
U [auth A], V [auth A]ACETIC ACID
C2 H4 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.216 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 72.93α = 90
b = 72.93β = 90
c = 176.413γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2002-03-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2011-11-16
    Changes: Atomic model
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Structure summary