Structural basis for the recognition of a bisphosphorylated MAP kinase peptide by human VHR protein Phosphatase.Schumacher, M.A., Todd, J.L., Rice, A.E., Tanner, K.G., Denu, J.M.
(2002) Biochemistry 41: 3009-3017
- PubMed: 11863439
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/bi015799l
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Human VHR (vaccinia H1 related phosphatase) is a member of the dual-specificity phosphatases (DSPs) that often act on bisphosphorylated protein substrates. Unlike most DSPs, VHR displays a strong preference for dephosphorylating phosphotyrosine residues over phosphothreonine residues. Here we describe the 2.75 A crystal structure of the C124S inactive VHR mutant in complex with a bisphosphorylated peptide corresponding to the MAP kinase activation lip. This structure and subsequent biochemical studies revealed the basis for the strong preference for hydrolyzing phosphotyrosine within bisphosphorylated substrates containing -pTXpY-. In the structure, the two phospho residues are oriented into distinct pockets; the phosphotyrosine is bound in the exposed yet deep active site cleft while the phosphothreonine is loosely tethered into a nearby basic pocket containing Arg(158). As this structure is the first substrate-enzyme complex reported for the DSP family of enzymes, these results provide the first glimpse into how DSPs bind their protein substrates.
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97201-3098, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org