1HV9

STRUCTURE OF E. COLI GLMU: ANALYSIS OF PYROPHOSPHORYLASE AND ACETYLTRANSFERASE ACTIVE SITES


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.211 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.211 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure of the Escherichia coli GlmU pyrophosphorylase and acetyltransferase active sites.

Olsen, L.R.Roderick, S.L.

(2001) Biochemistry 40: 1913-1921

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi002503n
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1HV9

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • N-Acetylglucosamine-1-PO(4) uridyltransferase (GlmU) is a trimeric bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes the last two sequential reactions in the de novo biosynthetic pathway for UDP-GlcNAc. The X-ray crystal structure of Escherichia coli GlmU in complex with UDP-GlcNAc and CoA has been determined to 2 ...

    N-Acetylglucosamine-1-PO(4) uridyltransferase (GlmU) is a trimeric bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes the last two sequential reactions in the de novo biosynthetic pathway for UDP-GlcNAc. The X-ray crystal structure of Escherichia coli GlmU in complex with UDP-GlcNAc and CoA has been determined to 2.1 A resolution and reveals a two-domain architecture that is responsible for these two reactions. The C-terminal domain is responsible for the CoA-dependent acetylation of Glc-1-PO(4) to GlcNAc-1-PO(4) and displays the longest left-handed parallel beta-helix observed to date. The acetyltransferase active site defined by the binding site for CoA makes use of residues from all three subunits and is positioned beneath an open cavity large enough to accommodate the Glc-1-PO(4) acetyl acceptor. The N-terminal domain catalyzes uridyl transfer from UTP to GlcNAc-1-PO(4) to form the final products UDP-GlcNAc and pyrophosphate. This domain is composed of a central seven-stranded beta-sheet surrounded by six alpha-helices in a Rossmann fold-like topology. A Co(2+) ion binds to just one of the two independent pyrophosphorylase active sites present in the crystals studied here, each of which nonetheless binds UDP-GlcNAc. The conformational changes of the enzyme and sugar nucleotide that accompany metal binding may provide a window into the structural dynamics that accompany catalysis.


    Related Citations: 
    • Purification, Crystallization and Preliminary X-ray Data for Escherichia coli GlmU: A Bifunctional Acetyltransferase/Uridyltransferase
      Olsen, L.R., Tian, Y., Roderick, S.L.
      (2001) Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 57: 296

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, New York 10461, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
UDP-N-ACETYLGLUCOSAMINE PYROPHOSPHORYLASEA, B456Escherichia coliMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: glmU
EC: 2.7.7.23 (PDB Primary Data), 2.3.1.157 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for P0ACC7 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P0ACC7 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0ACC7
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP0ACC7
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.211 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.211 
  • Space Group: H 3 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 104.5α = 90
b = 104.5β = 90
c = 648.2γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SHARPphasing
X-PLORrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2001-02-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Derived calculations, Version format compliance