Sm-Like Proteins in Eubacteria: The Crystal Structure of the Hfq Protein from Escherichia ColiSauter, C., Basquin, J., Suck, D.
(2003) Nucleic Acids Res. 31: 4091
- PubMed: 12853626
- Also Cited By: 2YHT, 2Y90
- PubMed Abstract:
- Structures of the Pleiotropic Translational Regulator Hfq and an Hfq-RNA Complex: A Bacterial Sm-Like Protein
Schumacher, M.A.,Pearson, R.F.,Moller, T.,Valentin-Hansen, P.,Brennan, R.G.
(2002) Embo J. 21: 3546
- Bacterial Proteins Required for Replication of Phage Q Ribonucleic Acid. Purification and Properties of Host Factor I, a Ribonucleic Acid-Binding Protein
De Fernandez, M.T.F.,Hayward, W.S.,August, J.T.
(1972) J.Biol.Chem. 247: 824
- Characterization of Broadly Pleiotropic Phenotypes Caused by an Hfq Insertion Mutation in Escherichia Coli K-12
Tsui, H.C.,Leung, H.C.,Winkler, M.E.
(1994) Mol.Microbiol. 13: 35
- The Sm-Like Hfq Protein Increases Oxys RNA Interaction with Target Mrnas
Zhang, A.,Wassarman, K.M.,Ortega, J.,Steven, A.C.,Storz, G.
(2002) Mol.Cell 9: 11
- Hfq: A Bacterial Sm-Like Protein that Mediates RNA-RNA Interaction
Moller, T.,Franch, T.,Hojrup, P.,Keene, D.R.,Bachinger, H.P.,Brennan, R.G.,Valentin-Hansen, P.
(2002) Mol.Cell 9: 23
The Hfq protein was discovered in Escherichia coli in the early seventies as a host factor for the Qbeta phage RNA replication. During the last decade, it was shown to be involved in many RNA processing events and remote sequence homology indicated a ...
The Hfq protein was discovered in Escherichia coli in the early seventies as a host factor for the Qbeta phage RNA replication. During the last decade, it was shown to be involved in many RNA processing events and remote sequence homology indicated a link to spliceosomal Sm proteins. We report the crystal structure of the E.coli Hfq protein showing that its monomer displays a characteristic Sm-fold and forms a homo-hexamer, in agreement with former biochemical data. Overall, the structure of the E.coli Hfq ring is similar to the one recently described for Staphylococcus aureus. This confirms that bacteria contain a hexameric Sm-like protein which is likely to be an ancient and less specialized form characterized by a relaxed RNA binding specificity. In addition, we identified an Hfq ortholog in the archaeon Methanococcus jannaschii which lacks a classical Sm/Lsm gene. Finally, a detailed structural comparison shows that the Sm-fold is remarkably well conserved in bacteria, Archaea and Eukarya, and represents a universal and modular building unit for oligomeric RNA binding proteins.
European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Structural and Computational Biology Programme, Meyerhofstrasse 1, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.