1H4W

Structure of human trypsin IV (brain trypsin)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.203 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.188 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure reveals basis for the inhibitor resistance of human brain trypsin.

Katona, G.Berglund, G.I.Hajdu, J.Graf, L.Szilagyi, L.

(2002) J Mol Biol 315: 1209-1218

  • DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.2001.5305
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1H4W

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Severe neurodegradative brain diseases, like Alzheimer, are tightly linked with proteolytic activity in the human brain. Proteinases expressed in the brain, such as human trypsin IV, are likely to be involved in the pathomechanism of these diseases. The observation of amyloid formed in the brain of transgenic mice expressing human trypsin IV supports this hypothesis ...

    Severe neurodegradative brain diseases, like Alzheimer, are tightly linked with proteolytic activity in the human brain. Proteinases expressed in the brain, such as human trypsin IV, are likely to be involved in the pathomechanism of these diseases. The observation of amyloid formed in the brain of transgenic mice expressing human trypsin IV supports this hypothesis. Human trypsin IV is also resistant towards all studied naturally occurring polypeptide inhibitors. It has been postulated that the substitution of Gly193 to arginine is responsible for this inhibitor resistance. Here we report the X-ray structure of human trypsin IV in complex with the inhibitor benzamidine at 1.7 A resolution. The overall fold of human trypsin IV is similar to human trypsin I, with a root-mean square deviation of only 0.5 A for all C(alpha) positions. The crystal structure reveals the orientation of the side-chain of Arg193, which occupies an extended conformation and fills the S2' subsite. An analysis of surface electrostatic potentials shows an unusually strong clustering of positive charges around the primary specificity pocket, to which the side-chain of Arg193 also contributes. These unique features of the crystal structure provide a structural basis for the enhanced inhibitor resistance, and enhanced substrate restriction, of human trypsin IV.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Eötvös Loránd University, Puskin u. 3., Budapest, 1088, Hungary.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
TRYPSIN IVAA224Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PRSS3PRSS4TRY3TRY4
EC: 3.4.21.4
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P35030 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P35030 
Go to UniProtKB:  P35030
PHAROS:  P35030
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
BEN
Query on BEN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]BENZAMIDINE
C7 H8 N2
PXXJHWLDUBFPOL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
BENKi :  22000   nM  PDBBind
BENKi:  22000   nM  Binding MOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.203 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.188 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 56.683α = 90
b = 56.683β = 90
c = 143.21γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2002-02-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2019-02-27
    Changes: Advisory, Data collection, Database references, Experimental preparation, Other