1G1Y

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF ALPHA-AMYLASE II (TVAII) FROM THERMOACTINOMYCES VULGARIS R-47 AND BETA-CYCLODEXTRIN COMPLEX


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.260 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.198 

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Literature

Studies on the hydrolyzing mechanism for cyclodextrins of Thermoactinomyces vulgaris R-47 alpha-amylase 2 (TVAII). X-ray structure of the mutant E354A complexed with beta-cyclodextrin, and kinetic analyses on cyclodextrins.

Kondo, S.Ohtaki, A.Tonozuka, T.Sakano, Y.Kamitori, S.

(2001) J Biochem 129: 423-428

  • DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.jbchem.a002873
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1G1Y

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Crystals of the mutant E354A of Thermoactinomyces vulgaris R-47 alpha-amylase 2 (TVAII) complexed with beta-cyclodextrin were prepared by a soaking method, and the diffraction data were collected at 100 K, using Synchrotron radiation (SPring-8). The ...

    Crystals of the mutant E354A of Thermoactinomyces vulgaris R-47 alpha-amylase 2 (TVAII) complexed with beta-cyclodextrin were prepared by a soaking method, and the diffraction data were collected at 100 K, using Synchrotron radiation (SPring-8). The crystals belong to an orthorhombic system with the space group P2(1)2(1)2(1) and cell dimensions a = 111.1 A, b = 117.7 A, c = 113.3 A, which is almost isomorphous with crystals of the wild-type TVAII, and the structure was refined to an R-factor = 0.208 (R(free) = 0.252) using 3.0 A resolution data. The refined structure shows that the interactions between Phe286 and two C6 atoms of beta-cyclodextrin at the hydrolyzing site are important for TVAII to recognize cyclodextrins as substrates. This observation from the X-ray structure was supported by kinetic analyses of cyclodextrins using the wild-type TVAII, the mutant F286A and F286L. These studies also suggested that the TVAII-hydrolyzing mechanism for cyclodextrins is slightly different from that for starch.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biotechnology & Life Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture & Technology, Naka-cho, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588, Japan.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ALPHA-AMYLASE IIAB585Thermoactinomyces vulgarisMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: tvaII
EC: 3.2.1.135
Find proteins for Q08751 (Thermoactinomyces vulgaris)
Explore Q08751 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q08751
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
Cycloheptakis-(1-4)-(alpha-D-glucopyranose)
C, D
7 N/A Oligosaccharides Interaction
Biologically Interesting Molecules (External Reference) 1 Unique
Entity ID: 2
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_900012
Query on PRD_900012
C, Dbeta-cyclodextrinOligosaccharide /  Drug delivery

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.260 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.198 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 111.12α = 90
b = 117.66β = 90
c = 113.27γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
CCP4data scaling
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2001-03-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary