The structure of the chloroplast F1-ATPase at 3.2 A resolution.Groth, G., Pohl, E.
(2001) J.Biol.Chem. 276: 1345-1352
- PubMed: 11032839
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M008015200
- PubMed Abstract:
- Rapid Purification of Membrane extrinsic F1-domain of chloroplast ATP synthase in monodisperse form suitable for 3D crystallization
Groth, G.,Schirwitz, K.
(1999) Eur.J.Biochem. 260: 15
The structure of the F(1)-ATPase from spinach chloroplasts was determined to 3.2 A resolution by molecular replacement based on the homologous structure of the bovine mitochondrial enzyme. The crystallized complex contains four different subunits in ...
The structure of the F(1)-ATPase from spinach chloroplasts was determined to 3.2 A resolution by molecular replacement based on the homologous structure of the bovine mitochondrial enzyme. The crystallized complex contains four different subunits in a stoichiometry of alpha(3)beta(3)gammaepsilon. Subunit delta was removed before crystallization to improve the diffraction of the crystals. The overall structure of the noncatalytic alpha-subunits and the catalytic beta-subunits is highly similar to those of the mitochondrial and thermophilic subunits. However, in the crystal structure of the chloroplast enzyme, all alpha- and beta-subunits adopt a closed conformation and appear to contain no bound adenine nucleotides. The superimposed crystallographic symmetry in the space group R32 impaired an exact tracing of the gamma- and epsilon-subunits in the complex. However, clear electron density was present at the core of the alpha(3)beta(3)-subcomplex, which probably represents the C-terminal domain of the gamma-subunit. The structure of the spinach chloroplast F(1) has a potential binding site for the phytotoxin, tentoxin, at the alphabeta-interface near betaAsp(83) and an insertion from betaGly(56)-Asn(60) in the N-terminal beta-barrel domain probably increases the thermal stability of the complex. The structure probably represents an inactive latent state of the ATPase, which is unique to chloroplast and cyanobacterial enzymes.
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