1FHA

SOLVING THE STRUCTURE OF HUMAN H FERRITIN BY GENETICALLY ENGINEERING INTERMOLECULAR CRYSTAL CONTACTS


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Solving the structure of human H ferritin by genetically engineering intermolecular crystal contacts.

Lawson, D.M.Artymiuk, P.J.Yewdall, S.J.Smith, J.M.Livingstone, J.C.Treffry, A.Luzzago, A.Levi, S.Arosio, P.Cesareni, G.Thomas, C.D.Shaw, W.V.Harrison, P.M.

(1991) Nature 349: 541-544

  • DOI: 10.1038/349541a0

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Ferritin is important in iron homeostasis. Its twenty-four chains of two types, H and L, assemble as a hollow shell providing an iron-storage cavity. Ferritin molecules in cells containing high levels of iron tend to be rich in L chains, and may have ...

    Ferritin is important in iron homeostasis. Its twenty-four chains of two types, H and L, assemble as a hollow shell providing an iron-storage cavity. Ferritin molecules in cells containing high levels of iron tend to be rich in L chains, and may have a long-term storage function, whereas H-rich ferritins are more active in iron metabolism. The molecular basis for the greater activity of H-rich ferritins has until now been obscure, largely because the structure of H-chain ferritin has remained unknown owing to the difficulties in obtaining crystals ordered enough for X-ray crystallographic analysis. Here we report the three-dimensional structure of a human ferritin H-chain homopolymer. By genetically engineering a change in the sequence of the intermolecular contact region, we obtained crystals isomorphous with the homologous rat L ferritin and of high enough quality for X-ray diffraction analysis. The X-ray structure of human H ferritin shows a novel metal site embedded within each of its four-helix bundles and we suggest that ferroxidase activity associated with this site accounts for its rapid uptake of iron.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Krebs Institute for Biomolecular Research, Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University, Sheffield, UK.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
FERRITIN
A
183Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: FTH1 (FTH, FTHL6)
EC: 1.16.3.1
Find proteins for P02794 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: FTH1
Go to UniProtKB:  P02794
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CA
Query on CA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FE
Query on FE

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
FE (III) ION
Fe
VTLYFUHAOXGGBS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • Space Group: F 4 3 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 184.800α = 90.00
b = 184.800β = 90.00
c = 184.800γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PROLSQrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1992-07-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2011-11-16
    Type: Atomic model
  • Version 1.4: 2012-02-29
    Type: Database references