Solving the structure of human H ferritin by genetically engineering intermolecular crystal contacts.Lawson, D.M., Artymiuk, P.J., Yewdall, S.J., Smith, J.M., Livingstone, J.C., Treffry, A., Luzzago, A., Levi, S., Arosio, P., Cesareni, G., Thomas, C.D., Shaw, W.V., Harrison, P.M.
(1991) Nature 349: 541-544
- PubMed: 1992356
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/349541a0
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Ferritin is important in iron homeostasis. Its twenty-four chains of two types, H and L, assemble as a hollow shell providing an iron-storage cavity. Ferritin molecules in cells containing high levels of iron tend to be rich in L chains, and may have a long-term storage function, whereas H-rich ferritins are more active in iron metabolism. The molecular basis for the greater activity of H-rich ferritins has until now been obscure, largely because the structure of H-chain ferritin has remained unknown owing to the difficulties in obtaining crystals ordered enough for X-ray crystallographic analysis. Here we report the three-dimensional structure of a human ferritin H-chain homopolymer. By genetically engineering a change in the sequence of the intermolecular contact region, we obtained crystals isomorphous with the homologous rat L ferritin and of high enough quality for X-ray diffraction analysis. The X-ray structure of human H ferritin shows a novel metal site embedded within each of its four-helix bundles and we suggest that ferroxidase activity associated with this site accounts for its rapid uptake of iron.
Krebs Institute for Biomolecular Research, Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University, Sheffield, UK.