Molecular architecture of full-length KcsA: role of cytoplasmic domains in ion permeation and activation gating.Cortes, D.M., Cuello, L.G., Perozo, E.
(2001) J Gen Physiol 117: 165-180
- PubMed: 11158168
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1085/jgp.117.2.165
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
The molecular architecture of the NH(2) and COOH termini of the prokaryotic potassium channel KcsA has been determined using site-directed spin-labeling methods and paramagnetic resonance EPR spectroscopy. Cysteine mutants were generated (residues 5-24 and 121-160) and spin labeled, and the X-band CW EPR spectra were obtained from liposome-reconstituted channels at room temperature. Data on probe mobility (DeltaHo(-1)), accessibility parameters (PiO(2) and PiNiEdda), and inter-subunit spin-spin interaction (Omega) were used as structural constraints to build a three-dimensional folding model of these cytoplasmic domains from a set of simulated annealing and restrained molecular dynamics runs. 32 backbone structures were generated and averaged using fourfold symmetry, and a final mean structure was obtained from the eight lowest energy runs. Based on the present data, together with information from the KcsA crystal structure, a model for the three-dimensional fold of full-length KcsA was constructed. In this model, the NH(2) terminus of KcsA forms an alpha-helix anchored at the membrane-water interface, while the COOH terminus forms a right-handed four-helix bundle that extend some 40-50 A towards the cytoplasm. Functional analysis of COOH-terminal deletion constructs suggest that, while the COOH terminus does not play a substantial role in determining ion permeation properties, it exerts a modulatory role in the pH-dependent gating mechanism.
Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics and Center for Structural Biology, University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville, Virginia 22906, USA.