Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 3.00 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.204 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.204 

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This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Protein crystallization by design: chymotrypsinogen without precipitants.

Pjura, P.E.Lenhoff, A.M.Leonard, S.A.Gittis, A.G.

(2000) J Mol Biol 300: 235-239

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1006/jmbi.2000.3851
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Protein crystals are usually obtained by an empirical approach based on extensive screening to identify suitable crystallization conditions. In contrast, we have used a systematic predictive procedure to produce data-quality crystals of bovine chymotrypsinogen A and used them to obtain a refined X-ray structure to 3 A resolution. Measurements of the osmotic second virial coefficient of chymotrypsinogen solutions were used to identify suitable solvent conditions, following which crystals were grown for approximately 30 hours by ultracentrifugal crystallization, without the use of any precipitants. Existing structures of chymotrypsinogen were obtained in solutions including 10-30 % ethanol, whereas simple buffered NaCl solutions were used here. The protein crystallized in the tetragonal space group P4(1)2(1)2, with one molecule per asymmetric unit. The quality of the refined map was very high throughout, with the main-chain atoms of all but four residues clearly defined and with nearly all side-chains also defined. Although only minor differences are seen compared to the structures previously reported, they indicate the possibility of structural changes due to the crystallization conditions used in those studies. Our results show that more systematic crystallization of proteins is possible, and that the procedure can expand the range of conditions under which crystals can be grown successfully and can make new crystal forms available.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Center for Molecular and Engineering Thermodynamics, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
CHYMOTRYPSINOGEN A245Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P00766 (Bos taurus)
Explore P00766 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00766
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP00766
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 3.00 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.204 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.204 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 114.9α = 90
b = 114.9β = 90
c = 52.8γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2000-05-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-04
    Changes: Refinement description