1E1T

LYSYL-TRNA SYNTHETASE (LYSU) HEXAGONAL FORM COMPLEXED WITH THE LYSYL_ADENYLATE INTERMEDIATE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.267 
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.186 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Active Site of Lysyl-tRNA Synthetase: Structural Studies of the Adenylation Reaction

Desogus, G.Todone, F.Brick, P.Onesti, S.

(2000) Biochemistry 39: 8418

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi0006722
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1E1O, 1E1T, 1E22, 1E24

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases play a key role in protein biosynthesis by catalyzing the specific aminoacylation of tRNA. The energy required for the formation of the ester bond between the amino acid carboxylate group and the tRNA acceptor stem is supplied by coupling the reaction to the hydrolysis of ATP ...

    Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases play a key role in protein biosynthesis by catalyzing the specific aminoacylation of tRNA. The energy required for the formation of the ester bond between the amino acid carboxylate group and the tRNA acceptor stem is supplied by coupling the reaction to the hydrolysis of ATP. Lysyl-tRNA synthetase from Escherichia coli belongs to the family of class II synthetases and carries out a two-step reaction, in which lysine is activated by being attached to the alpha-phosphate of AMP before being transferred to the cognate tRNA. Crystals of the thermo-inducible E. coli lysyl-tRNA synthetase LysU which diffract to 2.1 A resolution have been used to determine crystal structures of the enzyme in the presence of lysine, the lysyl-adenylate intermediate, and the nonhydrolyzable ATP analogue AMP-PCP. Additional data have been obtained from crystals soaked in a solution containing ATP and Mn(2+). The refined crystal structures give "snapshots" of the active site corresponding to key steps in the aminoacylation reaction and provide the structural framework for understanding the mechanism of lysine activation. The active site of LysU is shaped to position the substrates for the nucleophilic attack of the lysine carboxylate on the ATP alpha-phosphate. No residues are directly involved in catalysis, but a number of highly conserved amino acids and three metal ions coordinate the substrates and stabilize the pentavalent transition state. A loop close to the catalytic pocket, disordered in the lysine-bound structure, becomes ordered upon adenine binding.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Biophysics Section, Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, UK.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
LYSYL-TRNA SYNTHETASE, HEAT INDUCIBLEA504Escherichia coli K-12Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: lysUb4129JW4090
EC: 6.1.1.6
UniProt
Find proteins for P0A8N5 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P0A8N5 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0A8N5
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.267 
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.186 
  • Space Group: P 61 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 143.1α = 90
b = 143.1β = 90
c = 176.1γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
CCP4data scaling
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2000-07-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-08-24
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Other, Source and taxonomy, Structure summary
  • Version 1.2: 2017-07-12
    Changes: Derived calculations
  • Version 1.3: 2019-07-24
    Changes: Data collection