1DCB

STRUCTURE OF AN ENGINEERED METAL BINDING SITE IN HUMAN CARBONIC ANHYDRASE II REVEALS THE ARCHITECTURE OF A REGULATORY CYSTEINE SWITCH


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure of an engineered His3Cys zinc binding site in human carbonic anhydrase II.

Ippolito, J.A.Christianson, D.W.

(1993) Biochemistry 32: 9901-9905

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • X-ray crystallographic analysis of the Thr-199-->Cys (T199C) variant of human carbonic anhydrase II reveals the first high-resolution structure of an engineered zinc coordination polyhedron in a metalloenzyme. In the wild-type enzyme, Thr-199 accepts ...

    X-ray crystallographic analysis of the Thr-199-->Cys (T199C) variant of human carbonic anhydrase II reveals the first high-resolution structure of an engineered zinc coordination polyhedron in a metalloenzyme. In the wild-type enzyme, Thr-199 accepts a hydrogen bond from zinc-bound hydroxide; in the variant, the polypeptide backbone is sufficiently plastic to permit Cys-199 to displace hydroxide ion and coordinate to zinc with nearly perfect coordination stereochemistry. Importantly, the resulting His3-Cys-Zn2+ motif binds zinc more tightly than the wild-type enzyme [Kiefer, L. L., Krebs, J. F., Paterno, S. A., & Fierke C. A. (1993) Biochemistry (preceding paper in this issue)]. This novel zinc coordination polyhedron is analogous to that postulated for matrix metalloproteinase zymogens such as prostromelysin, where a cysteine-zinc interaction is responsible for the inactivity of the zymogen. Intriguingly, Cys-199 of T199C CAII is displaced from zinc coordination by soaking crystals in high concentrations of acetazolamide. Hence, residual catalytic activity measured for this variant probably arises from an alternate conformer of Cys-199 which allows the catalytic nucleophile, hydroxide ion, to be activated by zinc coordination.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104-6323.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
CARBONIC ANHYDRASE II
A
260Homo sapiensGene Names: CA2
EC: 4.2.1.1
Find proteins for P00918 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: CA2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00918
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 42.700α = 90.00
b = 41.700β = 104.60
c = 73.000γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PROLSQrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1993-07-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-29
    Type: Derived calculations, Other