1D3W

Crystal structure of ferredoxin 1 d15e mutant from azotobacter vinelandii at 1.7 angstrom resolution.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.209 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Atomically defined mechanism for proton transfer to a buried redox centre in a protein.

Chen, K.Hirst, J.Camba, R.Bonagura, C.A.Stout, C.D.Burgess, B.K.Armstrong, F.A.

(2000) Nature 405: 814-817

  • DOI: 10.1038/35015610

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The basis of the chemiosmotic theory is that energy from light or respiration is used to generate a trans-membrane proton gradient. This is largely achieved by membrane-spanning enzymes known as 'proton pumps. There is intense interest in experiments ...

    The basis of the chemiosmotic theory is that energy from light or respiration is used to generate a trans-membrane proton gradient. This is largely achieved by membrane-spanning enzymes known as 'proton pumps. There is intense interest in experiments which reveal, at the molecular level, how protons are drawn through proteins. Here we report the mechanism, at atomic resolution, for a single long-range electron-coupled proton transfer. In Azotobacter vinelandii ferredoxin I, reduction of a buried iron-sulphur cluster draws in a solvent proton, whereas re-oxidation is 'gated' by proton release to the solvent. Studies of this 'proton-transferring module' by fast-scan protein film voltammetry, high-resolution crystallography, site-directed mutagenesis and molecular dynamics, reveal that proton transfer is exquisitely sensitive to the position and pK of a single amino acid. The proton is delivered through the protein matrix by rapid penetrative excursions of the side-chain carboxylate of a surface residue (Asp 15), whose pK shifts in response to the electrostatic charge on the iron-sulphur cluster. Our analysis defines the structural, dynamic and energetic requirements for proton courier groups in redox-driven proton-pumping enzymes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of California, Irvine 92612, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
FERREDOXIN 1
A
106Azotobacter vinelandiiMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: fdxA
Find proteins for P00214 (Azotobacter vinelandii)
Go to UniProtKB:  P00214
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SF4
Query on SF4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
IRON/SULFUR CLUSTER
Fe4 S4
LJBDFODJNLIPKO-VKOJMFJBAC
 Ligand Interaction
F3S
Query on F3S

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
FE3-S4 CLUSTER
Fe3 S4
FCXHZBQOKRZXKS-MZMDZPPWAW
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.209 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 55.370α = 90.00
b = 55.370β = 90.00
c = 92.535γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1999-10-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance