1D3W

Crystal structure of ferredoxin 1 d15e mutant from azotobacter vinelandii at 1.7 angstrom resolution.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.209 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.209 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Atomically defined mechanism for proton transfer to a buried redox centre in a protein.

Chen, K.Hirst, J.Camba, R.Bonagura, C.A.Stout, C.D.Burgess, B.K.Armstrong, F.A.

(2000) Nature 405: 814-817

  • DOI: 10.1038/35015610
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1D3W

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The basis of the chemiosmotic theory is that energy from light or respiration is used to generate a trans-membrane proton gradient. This is largely achieved by membrane-spanning enzymes known as 'proton pumps. There is intense interest in experiments which reveal, at the molecular level, how protons are drawn through proteins ...

    The basis of the chemiosmotic theory is that energy from light or respiration is used to generate a trans-membrane proton gradient. This is largely achieved by membrane-spanning enzymes known as 'proton pumps. There is intense interest in experiments which reveal, at the molecular level, how protons are drawn through proteins. Here we report the mechanism, at atomic resolution, for a single long-range electron-coupled proton transfer. In Azotobacter vinelandii ferredoxin I, reduction of a buried iron-sulphur cluster draws in a solvent proton, whereas re-oxidation is 'gated' by proton release to the solvent. Studies of this 'proton-transferring module' by fast-scan protein film voltammetry, high-resolution crystallography, site-directed mutagenesis and molecular dynamics, reveal that proton transfer is exquisitely sensitive to the position and pK of a single amino acid. The proton is delivered through the protein matrix by rapid penetrative excursions of the side-chain carboxylate of a surface residue (Asp 15), whose pK shifts in response to the electrostatic charge on the iron-sulphur cluster. Our analysis defines the structural, dynamic and energetic requirements for proton courier groups in redox-driven proton-pumping enzymes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of California, Irvine 92612, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
FERREDOXIN 1A106Azotobacter vinelandiiMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: fdxA
UniProt
Find proteins for P00214 (Azotobacter vinelandii)
Explore P00214 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00214
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SF4
Query on SF4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]IRON/SULFUR CLUSTER
Fe4 S4
LJBDFODJNLIPKO-VKOJMFJBAC
 Ligand Interaction
F3S
Query on F3S

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]FE3-S4 CLUSTER
Fe3 S4
FCXHZBQOKRZXKS-MZMDZPPWAW
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.209 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.209 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 55.37α = 90
b = 55.37β = 90
c = 92.535γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 1999-10-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance