1C9W

CHO REDUCTASE WITH NADP+


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.201 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structure of CHO reductase, a member of the aldo-keto reductase superfamily.

Ye, Q.Hyndman, D.Li, X.Flynn, T.G.Jia, Z.

(2000) Proteins 38: 41-48


  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) reductase is an enzyme belonging to the aldo-keto reductase (AKR) superfamily that is induced by the aldehyde-containing protease inhibitor ALLN (Inoue, Sharma, Schimke, et al., J Biol Chem 1993;268: 5894). It shows 70% se ...

    Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) reductase is an enzyme belonging to the aldo-keto reductase (AKR) superfamily that is induced by the aldehyde-containing protease inhibitor ALLN (Inoue, Sharma, Schimke, et al., J Biol Chem 1993;268: 5894). It shows 70% sequence identity to human aldose reductase (Hyndman, Takenoshita, Vera, et al., J Biol Chem 1997;272:13286), which is a target for drug design because of its implication in diabetic complications. We have determined the crystal structure of CHO reductase complexed with nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP)+ to 2.4 A resolution. Similar to aldose reductase and other AKRs, CHO reductase is an alpha/beta TIM barrel enzyme with cofactor bound in an extended conformation. All key residues involved in cofactor binding are conserved with respect to other AKR members. CHO reductase shows a high degree of sequence identity (91%) with another AKR member, FR-1 (mouse fibroblast growth factor-regulated protein), especially around the variable C-terminal end of the protein and has a similar substrate binding pocket that is larger than that of aldose reductase. However, there are distinct differences that can account for differences in substrate specificity. Trp111, which lies horizontal to the substrate pocket in all other AKR members is perpendicular in CHO reductase and is accompanied by movement of Leu300. This coupled with movement of loops A, B, and C away from the active site region accounts for the ability of CHO reductase to bind larger substrates. The position of Trp219 is significantly altered with respect to aldose reductase and appears to release Cys298 from steric constraints. These studies show that AKRs such as CHO reductase are excellent models for examining the effects of subtle changes in amino acid sequence and alignment on binding and catalysis.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
CHO REDUCTASE
A
315Cricetulus griseusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: AKR1B8
EC: 1.1.1.21
Find proteins for O08782 (Cricetulus griseus)
Go to UniProtKB:  O08782
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAP
Query on NAP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
NADP NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHATE
2'-MONOPHOSPHOADENOSINE 5'-DIPHOSPHORIBOSE
C21 H28 N7 O17 P3
XJLXINKUBYWONI-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.201 
  • Space Group: P 32 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 84.282α = 90.00
b = 84.282β = 90.00
c = 120.539γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling
EPMRphasing
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2000-01-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance