1BD4

UPRT-URACIL COMPLEX


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 

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This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structures of Toxoplasma gondii uracil phosphoribosyltransferase reveal the atomic basis of pyrimidine discrimination and prodrug binding.

Schumacher, M.A.Carter, D.Scott, D.M.Roos, D.S.Ullman, B.Brennan, R.G.

(1998) EMBO J 17: 3219-3232

  • DOI: 10.1093/emboj/17.12.3219
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1BD3, 1BD4, 1UPF, 1UPU

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Uracil phosphoribosyltransferase (UPRTase) catalyzes the transfer of a ribosyl phosphate group from alpha-D-5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate to the N1 nitrogen of uracil. The UPRTase from the opportunistic pathogen Toxoplasma gondii is a rational target for antiparasitic drug design ...

    Uracil phosphoribosyltransferase (UPRTase) catalyzes the transfer of a ribosyl phosphate group from alpha-D-5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate to the N1 nitrogen of uracil. The UPRTase from the opportunistic pathogen Toxoplasma gondii is a rational target for antiparasitic drug design. To aid in structure-based drug design studies against toxoplasmosis, the crystal structures of the T.gondii apo UPRTase (1.93 A resolution), the UPRTase bound to its substrate, uracil (2.2 A resolution), its product, UMP (2.5 A resolution), and the prodrug, 5-fluorouracil (2.3 A resolution), have been determined. These structures reveal that UPRTase recognizes uracil through polypeptide backbone hydrogen bonds to the uracil exocyclic O2 and endocyclic N3 atoms and a backbone-water-exocyclic O4 oxygen hydrogen bond. This stereochemical arrangement and the architecture of the uracil-binding pocket reveal why cytosine and pyrimidines with exocyclic substituents at ring position 5 larger than fluorine, including thymine, cannot bind to the enzyme. Strikingly, the T. gondii UPRTase contains a 22 residue insertion within the conserved PRTase fold that forms an extended antiparallel beta-arm. Leu92, at the tip of this arm, functions to cap the active site of its dimer mate, thereby inhibiting the escape of the substrate-binding water molecule.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, OR 97201-3098, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
URACIL PHOSPHORIBOSYLTRANSFERASED [auth A], C [auth B], B [auth C], A [auth D]243Toxoplasma gondiiMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: uprt
EC: 2.4.2.9
UniProt
Find proteins for Q26998 (Toxoplasma gondii)
Explore Q26998 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q26998
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 60.39α = 90
b = 141.77β = 114.82
c = 71.46γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
TNTrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 1999-05-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-25
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance