1B6I

T4 LYSOZYME MUTANT WITH CYS 54 REPLACED BY THR, CYS 97 REPLACED BY ALA, THR 21 REPLACED BY CYS AND LYS 124 REPLACED BY CYS (C54T,C97A,T21C,K124C)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.185 

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This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Solid-state synthesis and mechanical unfolding of polymers of T4 lysozyme.

Yang, G.Cecconi, C.Baase, W.A.Vetter, I.R.Breyer, W.A.Haack, J.A.Matthews, B.W.Dahlquist, F.W.Bustamante, C.

(2000) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97: 139-144

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.97.1.139
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1B6I

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Recent advances in single molecule manipulation methods offer a novel approach to investigating the protein folding problem. These studies usually are done on molecules that are naturally organized as linear arrays of globular domains. To extend these techniques to study proteins that normally exist as monomers, we have developed a method of synthesizing polymers of protein molecules in the solid state ...

    Recent advances in single molecule manipulation methods offer a novel approach to investigating the protein folding problem. These studies usually are done on molecules that are naturally organized as linear arrays of globular domains. To extend these techniques to study proteins that normally exist as monomers, we have developed a method of synthesizing polymers of protein molecules in the solid state. By introducing cysteines at locations where bacteriophage T4 lysozyme molecules contact each other in a crystal and taking advantage of the alignment provided by the lattice, we have obtained polymers of defined polarity up to 25 molecules long that retain enzymatic activity. These polymers then were manipulated mechanically by using a modified scanning force microscope to characterize the force-induced reversible unfolding of the individual lysozyme molecules. This approach should be general and adaptable to many other proteins with known crystal structures. For T4 lysozyme, the force required to unfold the monomers was 64 +/- 16 pN at the pulling speed used. Refolding occurred within 1 sec of relaxation with an efficiency close to 100%. Analysis of the force versus extension curves suggests that the mechanical unfolding transition follows a two-state model. The unfolding forces determined in 1 M guanidine hydrochloride indicate that in these conditions the activation barrier for unfolding is reduced by 2 kcal/mol.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PROTEIN (LYSOZYME)A164Escherichia virus T4Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: E
EC: 3.2.1.17
UniProt
Find proteins for P00720 (Enterobacteria phage T4)
Explore P00720 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00720
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
HED (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on HED

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]2-HYDROXYETHYL DISULFIDE
C4 H10 O2 S2
KYNFOMQIXZUKRK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.185 
  • Space Group: P 32 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 60.87α = 90
b = 60.87β = 90
c = 96.73γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
TNTrefinement
UCSD-systemdata reduction
UCSD-systemdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment  



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2000-01-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-26
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-04
    Changes: Refinement description
  • Version 1.4: 2018-04-04
    Changes: Data collection