1B5P

THERMUS THERMOPHILUS ASPARTATE AMINOTRANSFERASE DOUBLE MUTANT 1


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.239 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.193 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Substrate recognition mechanism of thermophilic dual-substrate enzyme

Ura, H.Nakai, T.Kawaguchi, S.I.Miyahara, I.Hirotsu, K.Kuramitsu, S.

(2001) J Biochem 130: 89-98

  • DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.jbchem.a002966
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Aspartate aminotransferase from an extremely thermophilic bacterium, Thermus thermophilus HB8 (ttAspAT), has been believed to be specific for an acidic substrate. However, stepwise introduction of mutations in the active-site residues finally changed ...

    Aspartate aminotransferase from an extremely thermophilic bacterium, Thermus thermophilus HB8 (ttAspAT), has been believed to be specific for an acidic substrate. However, stepwise introduction of mutations in the active-site residues finally changed its substrate specificity to that of a dual-substrate enzyme. The final mutant, [S15D, T17V, K109S, S292R] ttAspAT, is active toward both acidic and hydrophobic substrates. During the course of stepwise mutation, the activities toward acidic and hydrophobic substrates changed independently. The introduction of a mobile Arg292* residue into ttAspAT was the key step in the change to a "dual-substrate" enzyme. The substrate recognition mechanism of this thermostable "dual-substrate" enzyme was confirmed by X-ray crystallography. This work together with previous studies on various enzymes suggest that this unique "dual-substrate recognition" mechanism is a feature of not only aminotransferases but also other enzymes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biology, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Machikaneyama-cho, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043, Japan.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PROTEIN (ASPARTATE AMINOTRANSFERASE)
A, B
385Thermus thermophilus HB8Mutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: aspCTTHA0046
EC: 2.6.1.1 (PDB Primary Data), 2.6.1.78 (UniProt)
Find proteins for Q56232 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q56232
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PLP
Query on PLP

Download CCD File 
A, B
PYRIDOXAL-5'-PHOSPHATE
C8 H10 N O6 P
NGVDGCNFYWLIFO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PO4
Query on PO4

Download CCD File 
A, B
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.239 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.193 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 61.49α = 90
b = 113.62β = 90
c = 124.4γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-09-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Source and taxonomy, Version format compliance