1GC4

THERMUS THERMOPHILUS ASPARTATE AMINOTRANSFERASE TETRA MUTANT 2 COMPLEXED WITH ASPARTATE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.277 
  • R-Value Work: 0.217 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Substrate recognition mechanism of thermophilic dual-substrate enzyme

Ura, H.Nakai, T.Kawaguchi, S.Miyahara, I.Hirotsu, K.Kuramitsu, S.

(2001) J.BIOCHEM.(TOKYO) 130: 89-98

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1B5O, 1B5P, 1GC3, 1GCK, 5BJ3, 5BJ4

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Aspartate aminotransferase from an extremely thermophilic bacterium, Thermus thermophilus HB8 (ttAspAT), has been believed to be specific for an acidic substrate. However, stepwise introduction of mutations in the active-site residues finally changed ...

    Aspartate aminotransferase from an extremely thermophilic bacterium, Thermus thermophilus HB8 (ttAspAT), has been believed to be specific for an acidic substrate. However, stepwise introduction of mutations in the active-site residues finally changed its substrate specificity to that of a dual-substrate enzyme. The final mutant, [S15D, T17V, K109S, S292R] ttAspAT, is active toward both acidic and hydrophobic substrates. During the course of stepwise mutation, the activities toward acidic and hydrophobic substrates changed independently. The introduction of a mobile Arg292* residue into ttAspAT was the key step in the change to a "dual-substrate" enzyme. The substrate recognition mechanism of this thermostable "dual-substrate" enzyme was confirmed by X-ray crystallography. This work together with previous studies on various enzymes suggest that this unique "dual-substrate recognition" mechanism is a feature of not only aminotransferases but also other enzymes.


    Related Citations: 
    • An Aspartate Aminotransferase from an Extremely Thermophilic Bacterium, Thermus thermophilus HB8
      Okamoto, A.,Kato, R.,Masui, R.,Yamagishi, A.,Oshima, T.,Kuramitsu, S.
      (1996) J.BIOCHEM.(TOKYO) 119: 135
    • The Novel Substrate Recognition Mechanism Utilized by Aspartate Aminotransferse of the Extreme Thermophile Thermus thermophilus HB8
      NOBE, Y.,Kawaguchi, S.,Ura, H.,Nakai, T.,Hirotsu, K.,Kato, R.,Kuramitsu, S.
      (1998) J.Biol.Chem. 273: 29554
    • Structure of Thermus thermuophilus HB8 Aspartate Aminotransferase and its Complex with Maleate
      Nakai, T.,Okada, K.,Akutsu, S.,Miyahara, I.,Kawaguchi, S.,Kato, R.,Kuramitsu, S.,Hirotsu, K.
      (1999) Biochemistry 38: 2413


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biology, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Machikaneyama-cho, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043, Japan.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ASPARTATE AMINOTRANSFERASE
A, B, C, D
385Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: aspC
EC: 2.6.1.1
Find proteins for Q56232 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q56232
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ASP
Query on ASP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
ASPARTIC ACID
C4 H7 N O4
CKLJMWTZIZZHCS-REOHCLBHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PLP
Query on PLP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
PYRIDOXAL-5'-PHOSPHATE
VITAMIN B6 Phosphate
C8 H10 N O6 P
NGVDGCNFYWLIFO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.277 
  • R-Value Work: 0.217 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 82.670α = 90.00
b = 102.340β = 112.14
c = 100.410γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling
DENZOdata reduction
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2001-09-05
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Source and taxonomy, Version format compliance