1AZX

ANTITHROMBIN/PENTASACCHARIDE COMPLEX


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.280 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.203 

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The anticoagulant activation of antithrombin by heparin.

Jin, L.Abrahams, J.P.Skinner, R.Petitou, M.Pike, R.N.Carrell, R.W.

(1997) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94: 14683-14688

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.94.26.14683
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1AZX

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Antithrombin, a plasma serpin, is relatively inactive as an inhibitor of the coagulation proteases until it binds to the heparan side chains that line the microvasculature. The binding specifically occurs to a core pentasaccharide present both in the heparans and in their therapeutic derivative heparin ...

    Antithrombin, a plasma serpin, is relatively inactive as an inhibitor of the coagulation proteases until it binds to the heparan side chains that line the microvasculature. The binding specifically occurs to a core pentasaccharide present both in the heparans and in their therapeutic derivative heparin. The accompanying conformational change of antithrombin is revealed in a 2.9-A structure of a dimer of latent and active antithrombins, each in complex with the high-affinity pentasaccharide. Inhibitory activation results from a shift in the main sheet of the molecule from a partially six-stranded to a five-stranded form, with extrusion of the reactive center loop to give a more exposed orientation. There is a tilting and elongation of helix D with the formation of a 2-turn helix P between the C and D helices. Concomitant conformational changes at the heparin binding site explain both the initial tight binding of antithrombin to the heparans and the subsequent release of the antithrombin-protease complex into the circulation. The pentasaccharide binds by hydrogen bonding of its sulfates and carboxylates to Arg-129 and Lys-125 in the D-helix, to Arg-46 and Arg-47 in the A-helix, to Lys-114 and Glu-113 in the P-helix, and to Lys-11 and Arg-13 in a cleft formed by the amino terminus. This clear definition of the binding site will provide a structural basis for developing heparin analogues that are more specific toward their intended target antithrombin and therefore less likely to exhibit side effects.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QH, United Kingdom.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ANTITHROMBINA [auth I], B [auth L]432Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: SERPINC1AT3PRO0309
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P01008 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P01008 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01008
PHAROS:  P01008
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

Help

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
3,4-di-O-methyl-2,6-di-O-sulfo-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2,3-di-O-methyl-beta-D-glucopyranuronic acid-(1-4)-2,3,6-tri-O-sulfo-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-3-O-methyl-2-O-sulfo-alpha-L-idopyranuronic acid-(1-4)-methyl 2,3,6-tri-O-sulfo-alpha-D-glucopyranosideC [auth A], D [auth B]5N/A Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G76630SM
GlyCosmos:  G76630SM
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on NAG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth I], F [auth L], G [auth L]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Binding Affinity Annotations 
IDSourceBinding Affinity
NTP PDBBind:  1AZX Kd: 0.4 (nM) from 1 assay(s)
Biologically Interesting Molecules (External Reference) 1 Unique
Entity ID: 2
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_900031
Query on PRD_900031
C [auth A], D [auth B]heparin pentasaccharideOligosaccharide /  Anticoagulant Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.280 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.203 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 70.44α = 90
b = 86.97β = 108.88
c = 97.22γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
CCP4data reduction
AMoREphasing
TNTrefinement
CCP4data scaling

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment  



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 1999-01-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-03
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary