1ZTZ

Crystal structure of HIV protease- metallacarborane complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.233 
  • R-Value Work: 0.176 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.179 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

From nonpeptide toward noncarbon protease inhibitors: Metallacarboranes as specific and potent inhibitors of HIV protease

Cigler, P.Kozisek, M.Rezacova, P.Brynda, J.Otwinowski, Z.Pokorna, J.Plesek, J.Gruner, B.Doleckova-Maresova, L.Masa, M.Sedlacek, J.Bodem, J.Kraeusslich, H.-G.Kral, V.Konvalinka, J.

(2005) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102: 15394-15399

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0507577102
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1ZTZ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • HIV protease (PR) represents a prime target for rational drug design, and protease inhibitors (PI) are powerful antiviral drugs. Most of the current PIs are pseudopeptide compounds with limited bioavailability and stability, and their use is compromised by high costs, side effects, and development of resistant strains ...

    HIV protease (PR) represents a prime target for rational drug design, and protease inhibitors (PI) are powerful antiviral drugs. Most of the current PIs are pseudopeptide compounds with limited bioavailability and stability, and their use is compromised by high costs, side effects, and development of resistant strains. In our search for novel PI structures, we have identified a group of inorganic compounds, icosahedral metallacarboranes, as candidates for a novel class of nonpeptidic PIs. Here, we report the potent, specific, and selective competitive inhibition of HIV PR by substituted metallacarboranes. The most active compound, sodium hydrogen butylimino bis-8,8-[5-(3-oxa-pentoxy)-3-cobalt bis(1,2-dicarbollide)]di-ate, exhibited a K(i) value of 2.2 nM and a submicromolar EC(50) in antiviral tests, showed no toxicity in tissue culture, weakly inhibited human cathepsin D and pepsin, and was inactive against trypsin, papain, and amylase. The structure of the parent cobalt bis(1,2-dicarbollide) in complex with HIV PR was determined at 2.15 A resolution by protein crystallography and represents the first carborane-protein complex structure determined. It shows the following mode of PR inhibition: two molecules of the parent compound bind to the hydrophobic pockets in the flap-proximal region of the S3 and S3' subsites of PR. We suggest, therefore, that these compounds block flap closure in addition to filling the corresponding binding pockets as conventional PIs. This type of binding and inhibition, chemical and biological stability, low toxicity, and the possibility to introduce various modifications make boron clusters attractive pharmacophores for potent and specific enzyme inhibition.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institutes of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Flemingovo námestí 2, 166 10 Prague 6, Czech Republic.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PROTEASE RETROPEPSINAB99Human immunodeficiency virus 1Mutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: gag-pol
EC: 3.4.23.16 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.7.49 (UniProt), 2.7.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1.26.13 (UniProt), 3.1.13.2 (UniProt), 2.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P03367 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate BRU/LAI))
Explore P03367 
Go to UniProtKB:  P03367
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
autoproteolytic tetrapeptideP4N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CB5
Query on CB5

Download CCD File 
B, P
COBALT BIS(1,2-DICARBOLLIDE)
C4 H22 B18 Co
LCYCHKJZRWLTHW-NQCAZLHCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
CB5Ki:  66   nM  Binding MOAD
CB5Ki :  66   nM  PDBBind
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.233 
  • R-Value Work: 0.176 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.179 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 85.321α = 90
b = 67.181β = 94.99
c = 42.498γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata scaling
SCALEPACKdata scaling
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-11-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-11
    Changes: Refinement description