1ZPT

Escherichia coli Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (reduced) complexed with NADH, pH 7.25


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.246 
  • R-Value Work: 0.219 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structures of NADH and CH(3)-H(4)Folate Complexes of Escherichia coli Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase Reveal a Spartan Strategy for a Ping-Pong Reaction

Pejchal, R.Sargeant, R.Ludwig, M.L.

(2005) Biochemistry 44: 11447-11457

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi050533q
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1ZP3, 1ZP4, 1ZRQ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductases (MTHFRs; EC 1.7.99.5) catalyze the NAD(P)H-dependent reduction of 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate (CH(2)-H(4)folate) to 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (CH(3)-H(4)folate) using flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) as a cofac ...

    Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductases (MTHFRs; EC 1.7.99.5) catalyze the NAD(P)H-dependent reduction of 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate (CH(2)-H(4)folate) to 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (CH(3)-H(4)folate) using flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) as a cofactor. The initial X-ray structure of Escherichia coli MTHFR revealed that this 33-kDa polypeptide is a (betaalpha)(8) barrel that aggregates to form an unusual tetramer with only 2-fold symmetry. Structures of reduced enzyme complexed with NADH and of oxidized Glu28Gln enzyme complexed with CH(3)-H(4)folate have now been determined at resolutions of 1.95 and 1.85 A, respectively. The NADH complex reveals a rare mode of dinucleotide binding; NADH adopts a hairpin conformation and is sandwiched between a conserved phenylalanine, Phe223, and the isoalloxazine ring of FAD. The nicotinamide of the bound pyridine nucleotide is stacked against the si face of the flavin ring with C4 adjoining the N5 of FAD, implying that this structure models a complex that is competent for hydride transfer. In the complex with CH(3)-H(4)folate, the pterin ring is also stacked against FAD in an orientation that is favorable for hydride transfer. Thus, the binding sites for the two substrates overlap, as expected for many enzymes that catalyze ping-pong reactions, and several invariant residues interact with both folate and pyridine nucleotide substrates. Comparisons of liganded and substrate-free structures reveal multiple conformations for the loops beta2-alpha2 (L2), beta3-alpha3 (L3), and beta4-alpha4 (L4) and suggest that motions of these loops facilitate the ping-pong reaction. In particular, the L4 loop adopts a "closed" conformation that allows Asp120 to hydrogen bond to the pterin ring in the folate complex but must move to an "open" conformation to allow NADH to bind.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biological Chemistry and Biophysics Research Division, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1055, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase
A, B, C
304Escherichia coli (strain K12)Gene Names: metF
EC: 1.5.1.20
Find proteins for P0AEZ1 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Go to UniProtKB:  P0AEZ1
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
FAD
Query on FAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAI
Query on NAI

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C
1,4-DIHYDRONICOTINAMIDE ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
NADH
C21 H29 N7 O14 P2
BOPGDPNILDQYTO-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
NADKi: 10000 nM BINDINGMOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.246 
  • R-Value Work: 0.219 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 103.613α = 90.00
b = 127.735β = 121.73
c = 97.831γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
EPMRphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-08-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2013-11-06
    Type: Non-polymer description
  • Version 1.4: 2017-10-11
    Type: Advisory, Refinement description