1ZEC

NMR Solution structure of NEF1-25, 20 structures


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Solution structure of a polypeptide from the N terminus of the HIV protein Nef.

Barnham, K.J.Monks, S.A.Hinds, M.G.Azad, A.A.Norton, R.S.

(1997) Biochemistry 36: 5970-5980

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi9629945

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Nef is a 27 kDa myristylated phosphoprotein expressed early in infection by HIV. The N terminus of Nef is thought to play a vital role in the functions of this protein through its interactions with membrane structures. The solution structure of a 25- ...

    Nef is a 27 kDa myristylated phosphoprotein expressed early in infection by HIV. The N terminus of Nef is thought to play a vital role in the functions of this protein through its interactions with membrane structures. The solution structure of a 25-residue polypeptide corresponding to the N terminus of Nef (Nef1-25) has been investigated by 1H NMR spectroscopy. In aqueous solution at pH 4.8 and 281 K, this peptide underwent conformational averaging, with Pro13 existing in cis and trans conformations in nearly equal proportions. In methanol solution, however, the peptide adopted a well-defined alpha-helical structure from residues 6 to 22, with the N- and C-terminal regions having a less ordered structure. On the basis of a comparison of chemical shifts and NOEs, it appeared that this helical structure was maintained in aqueous trifluoroethanol (50% v/v) and to a lesser extent in a solution of SDS micelles. When the N-acetyl group was replaced by either an N-myristyl or a free ammonium group, there was little effect on the three-dimensional structure of the peptide in methanol; deamidation of the C terminus also had no effect on the structure in methanol. In water, the myristylated peptide aggregated. The similarity between the sequences of Nef1-25 and melittin is reflected in the similar structures of the two molecules, although the N-terminal helix of melittin is more defined. This similarity in structure raises the possibility that Nef1-25 not only interacts with membranes but also may be capable of disrupting them and causing cell lysis. This type of interaction could contribute at least in part to the killing of bystander cells in lymphoid tissues during HIV infection.


    Related Citations: 
    • Fusogenic Activity of Amino-Terminal Region of HIV Type 1 Nef Protein
      Curtain, C.C.,Separovic, F.,Rivett, D.,Kirkpatrick, A.,Waring, A.J.,Gordon, L.M.,Azad, A.A.
      (1994) Aids Res.Hum.Retroviruses 10: 1231


    Organizational Affiliation

    Biomolecular Research Institute, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
NEF1-25
A
27Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype BMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: nef
Find proteins for P03404 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B)
Go to UniProtKB:  P03404
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  2 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
NH2
Query on NH2
A
NON-POLYMERH2 N

--

ACE
Query on ACE
A
NON-POLYMERC2 H4 O

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Olderado: 1ZEC Olderado
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORphasing
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1998-01-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance