1Z8I

Crystal structure of the thrombin mutant G193A bound to PPACK


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.242 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.199 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Energetic and structural consequences of perturbing Gly-193 in the oxyanion hole of serine proteases

Bobofchak, K.M.Pineda, A.O.Mathews, F.S.Di Cera, E.

(2005) J Biol Chem 280: 25644-25650

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M503499200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1Z8J, 1Z8I

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The oxyanion hole of serine proteases is formed by the backbone N atoms of the catalytic Ser-195 and Gly-193 and engages the backbone O atom of the P1 residue of substrate in an important H-bonding interaction. The energetic contribution of this inte ...

    The oxyanion hole of serine proteases is formed by the backbone N atoms of the catalytic Ser-195 and Gly-193 and engages the backbone O atom of the P1 residue of substrate in an important H-bonding interaction. The energetic contribution of this interaction in the ground and transition states is presently unknown. Measurements of the individual rate constants defining the catalytic mechanism of substrate hydrolysis for wild-type thrombin and trypsin and their G193A and G193P mutants reveal that Gly-193 is required for optimal substrate binding and acylation. Crystal structures of the G193A and G193P mutants of thrombin bound to the active site inhibitor H-d-Phe-Pro-Arg-CH2Cl document the extent of perturbation induced by the replacement of Gly-193. The Ala mutant weakens the H-bonding interaction of the N atom of residue 193, whereas the Pro substitution abrogates it altogether with additional small shifts of the protein backbone. From the kinetic and structural data, we estimate that the H-bonding interaction in the oxyanion hole contributes a stabilization of the ground and transition states of > 1.5 kcal/mol but < 3.0 kcal/mol. These results shed light on a basic aspect of the enzyme-substrate interaction in the entire family of trypsin-like serine proteases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Thrombin light chainA39Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P00734
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Thrombin heavy chainB259Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P00734
Protein Feature View
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 ( Mouse scroll to zoom / Hold left click to move )
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
0G6
Query on 0G6

Download CCD File 
B
D-phenylalanyl-N-[(2S,3S)-6-{[amino(iminio)methyl]amino}-1-chloro-2-hydroxyhexan-3-yl]-L-prolinamide
C21 H34 Cl N6 O3
DVFLYEYCMMLBTQ-VSZNYVQBSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download CCD File 
B
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download CCD File 
A, B
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

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B
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Biologically Interesting Molecules (External Reference) 1 Unique
Entity ID: 4
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_000020 (0G6)
Query on PRD_000020
BD-Phe-Pro-Arg-CH2ClPeptide-like /  Inhibitor

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.242 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.199 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 49.82α = 90
b = 73.65β = 90
c = 89.77γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-05-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Atomic model, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2013-02-27
    Changes: Other
  • Version 1.4: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Structure summary