1Z7C

Crystal Structure of Human Placental Lactogen


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.267 
  • R-Value Work: 0.229 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal Structure and Site 1 Binding Energetics of Human Placental Lactogen.

Walsh, S.T.R.Kossiakoff, A.A.

(2006) J.Mol.Biol. 358: 773-784

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2006.02.038

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • In primates, placental lactogen (PL) is a pituitary hormone with fundamental roles during pregnancy involving fetal growth, metabolism, and stimulating lactation in the mother. Human placental lactogen (hPL) is highly conserved with human growth horm ...

    In primates, placental lactogen (PL) is a pituitary hormone with fundamental roles during pregnancy involving fetal growth, metabolism, and stimulating lactation in the mother. Human placental lactogen (hPL) is highly conserved with human growth hormone (hGH) and both hormones bind to the hPRLR extracellular domain (ECD), the first step in receptor homodimerization, in a Zn2+-dependent manner. A modified surface plasmon resonance method was developed to measure the kinetics for hPL and hGH binding to the hPRLR ECD, with and without Zn2+ and showed that hPL has about a tenfold higher affinity for the hPRLR ECD1 than hGH. The crystal structure of the free state of hPL has been determined to 2.0 A resolution showing the molecule possesses an overall structure similar to other long chain four-helix bundle cytokines. Comparison of the free hPL structure with the 1:1 complex structure of hGH bound to the hPRLR ECD1 suggests that two surface loops undergo conformational changes >10 A upon binding. An 18 residue Ala-scan was used to characterize the binding energy epitope for the site 1 interface of hPL. Individual alanine substitutions at five positions reduced binding affinity by a DeltaDeltaG > or = 3 kcal mol(-1). A comparison of the hPL site 1 epitope with that previously determined for hGH indicates contributions of individual residues track reasonably well between hPL and hGH. In particular, residues involved in the zinc-binding site and Lys172 constitute the principal binding determinants for both hormones. However, several residues that are identical between hPL and hGH contribute quite differently to the binding of the hPRLR ECD1. Additionally, the overall magnitudes of the DeltaDeltaG changes observed from the Ala-scan of hPL were markedly larger than those determined in the comparative scan of hGH to the hPRLR ECD1. The structural and biophysical data presented here show that subtle changes in the structural context of an interaction can lead to significantly different effects at the individual residue level.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, Ohio State University, 467 Hamilton Hall, 1645 Neil Avenue Columbus, OH 43210, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Chorionic somatomammotropin hormone
A
191Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CSH2
Find proteins for P0DML3 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: CSH2
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DML3
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.267 
  • R-Value Work: 0.229 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 115.504α = 90.00
b = 30.047β = 113.38
c = 53.490γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SOLVEphasing
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
RESOLVEphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-03-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Version format compliance