1Z6T

Structure of the apoptotic protease-activating factor 1 bound to ADP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.21 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure of the apoptotic protease-activating factor 1 bound to ADP

Riedl, S.J.Li, W.Chao, Y.Schwarzenbacher, R.Shi, Y.

(2005) Nature 434: 926-933

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature03465
  • Also Cited By: 2G2M, 2FT5, 2FT4, 2B85, 2B84

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Apoptosis is executed by caspases, which undergo proteolytic activation in response to cell death stimuli. The apoptotic protease-activating factor 1 (Apaf-1) controls caspase activation downstream of mitochondria. During apoptosis, Apaf-1 binds to c ...

    Apoptosis is executed by caspases, which undergo proteolytic activation in response to cell death stimuli. The apoptotic protease-activating factor 1 (Apaf-1) controls caspase activation downstream of mitochondria. During apoptosis, Apaf-1 binds to cytochrome c and in the presence of ATP/dATP forms an apoptosome, leading to the recruitment and activation of the initiator caspase, caspase-9 (ref. 2). The mechanisms underlying Apaf-1 function are largely unknown. Here we report the 2.2-A crystal structure of an ADP-bound, WD40-deleted Apaf-1, which reveals the molecular mechanism by which Apaf-1 exists in an inactive state before ATP binding. The amino-terminal caspase recruitment domain packs against a three-layered alpha/beta fold, a short helical motif and a winged-helix domain, resulting in the burial of the caspase-9-binding interface. The deeply buried ADP molecule serves as an organizing centre to strengthen interactions between these four adjoining domains, thus locking Apaf-1 in an inactive conformation. Apaf-1 binds to and hydrolyses ATP/dATP and their analogues. The binding and hydrolysis of nucleotides seem to drive conformational changes that are essential for the formation of the apoptosome and the activation of caspase-9.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Lewis Thomas Laboratory, Washington Road, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Apoptotic protease activating factor 1
A, B, C, D
591Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: APAF1 (KIAA0413)
Find proteins for O14727 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: APAF1
Go to UniProtKB:  O14727
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ADP
Query on ADP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
ADENOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O10 P2
XTWYTFMLZFPYCI-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.21 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 75.955α = 62.96
b = 92.883β = 89.99
c = 94.988γ = 90.05
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
SOLVEphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-04-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance